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Courant, Richard(1888–1972) mathematician; born in Lublintz, Poland. A highly decorated officer in the German Army (1914–19) and recipient of the Order of Merit, he came to America (1933) to head the mathematics department at New York University (NYU) (1934–58); he founded an advanced mathematical department, later named the Courant Institute. A prominent educator and National Academy of Sciences member, he was professor emeritus and science advisor at NYU (1958). With H. Robbins he wrote What is Mathematics? and several other texts.
Born Jan. 8, 1888, in Lublinitz, Poland; died Jan. 27, 1972, in New York. Mathematician.
Courant studied at the universities of Breslau (Wroclaw) and Zürich. He was a professor at the University of Göttingen from 1920 to 1933. Beginning in 1934 he was a professor at New York University. His principal results pertain to the theory of conformai mappings and to boundary value problems for equations in mathematical physics. He was an outstanding teacher and the author of numerous monographs. Courant was a foreign member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1966).
WORKSIn Russian translation:
Kurs differentsial’nogo i integral’nogo ischisleniia, vol. 1, 4th ed. Moscow, 1967. Vol. 2, 2nd ed.: Moscow, 1970.
Chto takoe matematika, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1967. (With H. Robbins.)
Teoriia funkstii. Moscow, 1968. (With A. Hurwitz.)
Metody matematicheskoi fiziki, vol. 2: Uravneniia s chastnymi proizvodnymi. Moscow, 1964.