Courland


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Courland

or

Kurland

(both: kûr`lănd, Ger. ko͞or`länt), Latvian Kurzeme, historic region and former duchy, in Latvia, between the Baltic Sea and the Western Dvina River. It is an agricultural and wooded lowland. Jelgava (Ger. Mitau), the historic capital, and Liepaja (Ger. Libau) and Ventspils (Ger. Windau), the Baltic seaports, are the chief cities. The early Baltic tribes—Letts and Kurs—who inhabited the region were subjected in the 13th cent. by the Livonian Brothers of the SwordLivonian Brothers of the Sword
or Livonian Knights
, German military and religious order, founded in 1202 by Bishop Albert of Livonia for the purpose of conquest and Christianization in the Baltic lands.
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. In 1561 the order disbanded and its grand master became the first duke of Courland, under Polish suzerainty. In the Northern War (1700–1721), it was taken (1701) by Charles XII of Sweden. Empress Anna, who was, by marriage, duchess of Courland before her accession in Russia, forced (1737), the nobles of Courland to elect her favorite, Ernst Johann von BironBiron or Biren, Ernst Johann von
, 1690–1772, duke of Courland (1737–43, 1763–69), favorite of Czarina Anna of Russia.
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, their duke. Russian influence became paramount, and with the third partition of Poland (1795) the duchy passed to Russia. In 1918, Courland was incorporated into Latvia, except for a strip of the southern coast that went to Lithuania.

Courland

 

(Kurlandia, Kurzeme), the old name of the region of Latvia located west and southwest of the Gulf of Riga. In ancient times Courland was inhabited by the Kursi tribe and Balto-Finnic tribes. In the 13th century Courland was captured by the Livonian Order. From 1561 to 1795 much of Courland belonged to the duchy of Courland, subsequently incorporated into Russia to form Courland Province.

References in periodicals archive ?
99) For the sake of her beloved minion, Ernst Johann von Biron, duke of Courland, she approved and signed what was presumably the most absurd succession settlement in all of Russian history.
6) Very similar vessels were present in the Late Bronze Age settlements and ship graves of Saaremaa and Courland but, notably, they do not turn up in the stone-cist graves with Late Bronze and Pre-Roman Iron Age burials (Lang 2007a, 128 f.
Another award-winning actor, Bembol Roco, is cast as Duke Courland.
Jan Wladyslaw Suchodlec in the work of his father had used the earlier development of Samuel Suchodolskiego and Joseph Naronowicza-Naronskiego Detailed map of the Poland and Lithuania, showing numerous geo-political subdivsions, including Courland, Samgotia, Warsovia, Great Poland, Polesi, Volhinia, Lit Poland, Red Russia, Upper Podolia, Lower Podolia, Ukraine, Great Poland, etc.
A ello habria que agregar a Eric Hebborn, otro gran falsificador, quien se asocio con Sir Anthony Blunt, en esa epoca director del Courland Institute of Arts, curador de la pintura real, para introducir en el mercado del arte sus falsificaciones.
I couldn't believe it when, on a road safari at Courland, I encountered many things you would find at the supermarket in their original form, and I enjoyed a taste of it all thanks to our knowledgeable tour guide.
Courland, author of The Old North Waterfront offers an entertaining history of concrete for general readers.
1943 Corsica, France Germany Mar 1944 Odessa, USSR Germany May 1944 Crimea, USSR Germany Mar 1945 Courland, Latvia Germany Dec 1950 Wonsan, Korea United States Dec 1950 Chinnampo, Korea United States Dec 1950 Hungnam, Korea United States Dec.
In this wide-reaching book, Courland reviews the saga of what many may view as a mundane material, from its discovery during the Neolithic (the later part of the Stone Age) to its rediscovery in the late 1700s--made necessary after the secrets of its manufacture were largely lost with the fall of the Roman Empire.
Kevin Gaskell, chairman of Courland International Automotive Practice, said: "Oliver possesses all the skills necessary to be successful in whichever career he chooses.
2) According to Duke of Courland Gotthard Kettler's obviously exaggerated description, Magnus was accompanied by 50 servants (Reisigen), a personal guard of 240 men (Trabanten), and 40 arquebusiers; Magnus and his entourage were met on the border by 7,000 Muscovites.