Cournand


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Cournand

André (Frederic). 1895--1988, US physician, born in France: shared the 1956 Nobel prize for physiology or medicine for his work on heart catheterization
References in periodicals archive ?
Did your experience with Cournand help to push you?
Cournand rightfully deserved recognition for this concept.
An old fluoroscopy table, a new Electronics for Medicine recorder (otherwise known as the Scheiner machine), a couple of Van Slykes, a Tissot, a couple of Douglas bags for oxygen collection, a Scholander apparatus, a Collins spirometer, a Sanborn Twin-Beam phonocardiogram, an earpiece oximeter, a few Cournand and Goodale-Lubin catheters, and pressure strain gauges were all very exciting to the young physician.
After reading his work, Cournand and Richards, two physicians working at Bellevue in New York, applied his technique to cardiopulmonary research which resulted in the trio sharing the Nobel Prize in Physiology in 1956 (1).
Nobel Prize winning investigators such as Andre Cournand (5) and Werner Forssmann (6) developed cardiac catheterisation and used transducers to accurately measure pressures throughout the circulatory system.
Cannulation was not simple either; there were some specially designed cannulas but a variety of needles and techniques were used: "Arterial cannulation may be made with an 18-or 20-gauge Cournand needle or with Teflon catheters inserted after cutdown" (9).