Andre F Cournand

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Cournand, André F. (Frederic)

(1895–1988) physician; born in Paris, France. He served in the French army (1915–19), received his M.D. degree, then emigrated to the U.S.A. (1930) and joined the staff of Columbia University/Bellevue Hospital (1930–64). A specialist in cardiac surgery, he shared the 1965 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with his collaborator Dickinson Richards and German physician Werner Forssmann for developing the technique of cardiac catheterization. Cournand later expanded his work to include research on the lungs. After 1964, he trained physicians for research in his field and developed educational programs on the history and social responsibility of science.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cannulation was not simple either; there were some specially designed cannulas but a variety of needles and techniques were used: "Arterial cannulation may be made with an 18-or 20-gauge Cournand needle or with Teflon catheters inserted after cutdown" (9).
Early arterial puncture needles were called Cournand needles and based on those developed for use by cardiologists.