Court Organization

Court Organization

 

(1) The norms that establish the tasks, principles of organization and activity, structure, and competence of the courts. In the USSR, norms on court organization are contained in the Constitution of the USSR, in the constitutions of the Union and autonomous republics, in the Basic Principles of Legislation on Judicial Organization of 1958, in the Statute on Military Tribunals of 1958, and in the Statute on the Supreme Court of the USSR of 1957. In addition, all the Union republics have adopted the Law on Court Organization. Republic laws on court organization deal with the principal questions of court organization and activity in conformity with the ail-Union Basic Principles. At the same time, the individual Union republics resolve certain questions, in so doing taking account of their own historical, national, and other particularities.

(2) A system of judicial institutions. Court organization in the USSR is founded on democratic principles, set forth as early as Nov. 22, 1917, when, with the direct participation of V. I. Lenin, the first decree of Soviet power on the courts was adopted. The democratic essence of Soviet court organization is characterized by the unity of the judicial system, by unitary courts equal for all citizens, by the formation of all courts on the bases of elections and accountability of judges and people’s assessors to the voters or representative organs that elected them, and by the right of voters to recall judges who have failed to uphold the voters’ trust or who have committed acts unworthy of a judge.

References in periodicals archive ?
Section 1 introduces the sources and types of law and reviews court organization and structure, while Section 2 describes the roles of courtroom actors including prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges, defendants, victims, and the jury.
INSIDE APPELLATE COURTS: THE IMPACT OF COURT ORGANIZATION ON JUDICIAL DECISION MAKING IN THE UNITED STATES COURTS OF APPEALS.
A sample of the details in State Court Organization 1998, which can be found at http://www.
INSTITUTE OF JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION/AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION, JUVENILE JUSTICE STANDARDS, STANDARDS RELATING TO COURT ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION, ANNOTATED, std.
Kazushi Teranishi, an assistant judge at the Sendai District Court, violated the Court Organization Law that bans judges from political activities, the high court said.
Part I defines civic and court organization of art, the latter model developing from conditions produced by the luxury trade at the Burgundian court.
Component 1: Court Organization and Systems Development (US$20 Million).
The contract includes the security controls in courthouses throughout Austria (according to the Court Organization Act GOG as amended) as well as additional security services (service station, alarm activation, alarm use trips) in Los Vienna center.
He is hopeful that Russia will take part in the process as signatory to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and will not hide from international court organizations like in the situation with the establishment of the international arbitration on the investigation into the MH-17 tragedy.
Many Michigan jurists and court organizations have protested that this program is an attempt to politicize the state trial courts by the Michigan Supreme Court and also is a violation of the Michigan Constitution.