Court of Justice of the European Union


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Related to Court of Justice of the European Union: European Court of Auditors

Court of Justice of the European Union,

judicial institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). Located in Luxembourg, it was founded in 1958 as the joint court for the three treaty organizations that were consolidated into the European Community (the predecessor of the EU) in 1967.

The institution now consists of three bodies. The Court of Justice is the direct descendant of the original joint court. It is now composed of 8 advocates general and 27 judges—one judge from each of the EU nations. All members of the court are appointed for renewable six-year terms by agreement among the EU nations. The court interprets EU treaties and legislation. Although it may attempt to reconcile differences between national and EU laws, ultimately its decisions overrule those of national courts; they have tended to expand the EU's domain. Increased litigation over the years led to the establishment of a lower court, the General Court (1988, formerly the Court of First Instance), and a specialized civil service tribunal (2004); appeals to the Court of Justice are tightly restricted.

International law cases involving nations outside the EU are heard by the World Court in The Hague; the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France, is recognized by the members of the Council of EuropeCouncil of Europe,
international organization founded in 1949 to promote greater unity within Europe and to safeguard its political and cultural heritage by promoting human rights and democracy. The council is headquartered in Strasbourg, France.
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 and hears cases relating to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Personal Freedoms.

References in periodicals archive ?
After the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon: the entire area of freedom, security and justice will come under the jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union, with the exception referred to in art.
1: The Court of Justice of the European Union released its decision on June 20[sup.
The Court of Appeal decided on January 21, 2014, to refer the matter straight to the Court of Justice of the European Union.
The Court of Justice of the European Union was asked to rule on whether EU law forbids discrimination on the grounds of obesity or whether obesity could be considered a disability.
e decision by the Court of Justice of the European Union, which aects 500 million people, requires that search "services remove information deemed "inadequate, irrelevant or no longer relevant".
The Court of Justice of the European Union ruled that a person could ask Google to remove data that could "appear to be inadequate, irrelevant or no longer relevant or excessive.
The intervention of the Court of Justice of the European Union is welcome and it brings forth the obligation of Member States to review their national regulations on state liability.
Major organization : COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
In which country is the Court of Justice of the European Union based?
The preliminary questions procedure is a mechanism which enables our supreme court to consult the Court of Justice of the European Union concerning the interpretation or validity of Community law in a pending case.
aIn its opinion, the Court of Justice of the European Union accepts that protecting the security of the grid and proper monitoring of electricity consumption are legitimate targets, which in principle could justify different treatment,a CEZ commented.
The Court of Justice of the European Union said on Tuesday advertisers were free to buy keywords identical to trademarks of rivals as long as consumers were not confused on the provenance of goods and services by the way ads were displayed online.