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see KortrijkKortrijk
, Fr. Courtrai, city (1991 pop. 76,141), West Flanders prov., SW Belgium, on the Leie River. It is an important linen, lace, and textile-manufacturing center. Kortrijk was one of the earliest (14th cent.
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, Belgium.



(Kortrijk in Flemish), a city in Belgium, on the banks of the Lys River in the province of West Flanders. Population, 45,000 (1971). The site of big linen factories. Courtrai was known in the Middle Ages for its cloth industry.

On July 11, 1302, a battle was fought near Courtrai between a French army commanded by Robert of Artois (10,000 to 12,-000 men) and the Flemish people’s militia commanded by Guillaume of Juliers (13,000 to 20,000 men). After the French conquest of Flanders in 1300, the oppressive administration of the royal governors caused a popular uprising in 1302 (the Bruges Matins). The rebels laid siege to Courtrai, while the royal army approached the city. The Flemish infantry militia took up an advantageous position in front of Courtrai; its flank and rear were covered by the Lys River and its front by the boggy flood valley of the Groeninghebeke. The attack of the mounted knights was repulsed with great slaughter: about 4,000 knights out of 7,500 were killed. Because 700 golden spurs were collected on the battlefield, the battle came to be known as the Battle of the Spurs. It was the first battle in the Middle Ages in which infantry crushed mounted knights; the battle led to the revival of the infantry. The French king Philip IV the Fair was compelled to abandon the conquest of Flanders and to conclude a peace at Athis in 1305.

References in periodicals archive ?
Officials in Courtrai were not immediately available while in Brussels, the federal prosecutors office declined to comment.
Nine intensive months later Portman Healthcare launched and two years on it has seven practices on its books around Britain; dentists like Courtrai House's Rebecca Sadler swear by the benefits group efficiency can bring.
I would pay tribute to the residents of Courtrai Park who were very firm and strong through what has to be a traumatic occasion for them.
L'abbe Thomas Mann (1701-1800), chanoine de Courtrai, a en effet travaille, juste avant l'invasion francaise, a l'edition bruxelloise du Dictionnaire geographique portatif (chez Benoit Le Francq, novembre 1792, en 2 tomes), corrigee et augmentee << de la geographie ancienne et de plus de mille nouveaux articles de la geographie moderne, ainsi que d'un grand nombre d'additions interessantes [on peut le croire jusqu'ici, moins apres quand il ajoute :] et des dernieres decouvertes faites sur le globe jusqu'a ce jour >>.
A noble councillor like Hector van Voorhoute, who was bailiff of Courtrai in 1424, at that time stayed in his castle in Wervik, but he undoubtedly also had a house in Ghent, where he became a member of the Council of Flanders in 1440.
The duke, who was made a cavalry colonel at the age of ten and a guards captain at the age of sixteen, attained some fame as a soldier, accompanying Louis XIV into the Southern Netherlands as a brigadier, where he played a leading part in the capture of Armentieres, Bergue, Furnes and Courtrai.
Significant expansion is following the purchase last year of Bruynooghe's Koffie, located in Courtrai.
There are 45 manuscripts in the collection, including a few from Courtrai, with iconographic references to Erasmus, Alciato, Visscher, Rollenhagen, Cats, Jesuit drama, various saints, and many other sources.
Kimberley, of Courtrai in Belgium, claimed the Romanian tattooist had failed to under-stanher French and English.
Finally, we completed our tour of World War I battlefields by visiting the Newfoundland Memorial in Courtrai, the PPCLI Memorial at Frezenberg (where on May 8, 1915 this famed regiment "held firm and counted not the cost"), the Hooge Crater on the Menin Road, Sanctuary Wood, and finally Hill 62, site of the Mount Sorrel Canadian Memorial, where the Canadian Corps fought in the defence of Ypres, April to August 1916.