Cousin Marriage

Cousin Marriage

 

one of the obligatory or preferable forms of marriage characteristic of clan and early class societies. There are two basic types of cousin marriage: cross-cousin, or marriage to the daughter of the mother's brother or of the father's sister; and ortho-cousin (parallel-cousin), or marriage to the daughter of the father's brother or of the mother's sister.

Cross-cousin marriage developed with dual organization and was the basic form of marriage in the clan society, since it assured the intermarriage of two exogamous families. With the decay of the clan, cross-cousin marriage was preserved only vestigially.

Ortho-cousin marriage developed at the same time and often became the preferred type, particularly the marriage to the daughter of the father's brother, which was common among the Arabs, Malagasy, part of the Bantu, and some of the peoples of Dagestan and Middle Asia. Marriage to the daughter of the mother's sister (as among the Tuareg) was less common. Because the ortho-cousin marriage allowed the retention of the property within the large family or other closely related group, it often became the preferable form of marriage.

A. I. PERSHITS

References in periodicals archive ?
The major reason for these inherited disorders is cousin marriage or marriages within the same clan or families and ethicality.
Summary: Several other studies suggest that between the 1980s and the 2000s the rate of cousin marriage has increased in several Gulf nations.
Hamza Foundation Welfare Hospital and Blood Services here arranged a seminar at Peshawar Press Club where the speakers noted that the disease is increasing at an average of 5 to 7 percent annually, adding that first cousin marriage are among major reasons of the disease.
Member of the Syrian Diabetes Association, Haitham Abu Arraj said that the number of cases of diabetes in Syria varied between 12 to 14% and it might reach 20% in areas of cousin marriage.
She argues, instead, that the long-held tradition of cousin marriage endured as the more stable framework for marital and social bliss, and that Bronte's and Austen's novels show these two systems existing in tandem--and in tension.
In many states of the United States, the cousin marriage is prohibited due to the increase number of genetic diseases while in the rest of the world, this topic is under debate.
Consanguineous marriages, cousin marriage & pregnancy outcomes, miscarriages, sociological indicators, consanguinity in South Asia
The most common type of consanguineous marriage was the first cousin marriage (61.
They discuss the global prevalence and trends in cousin marriage; how estimates of genetic risk can be made; case studies of countries where cousin marriage is common and where genetic risk discourse focuses on disorders like sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, and hemoglobin disorders; migrant populations in Europe and the negative public perception of cousin marriage in debates about integration and immigration, especially for Muslim minorities, and the construction of cousin marriage as forced marriage; and testing and screening programs aimed at managing the elevated genetic risk for the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community, Arab-Bedouins in Israel, and British Pakistani families.
Parents having cousin marriage will have more chance that their babies have cleft palate e.
Cousin especially first cousin marriage with a background of family history of hemoglobinopathy results in homozygous state.
Based on an in-depth study of a few English "haute bourgeois" families, Adam Kuper's study of marriage patterns asserts that among certain Victorians, cousin marriage and marriage to a deceased wife's sister were not only socially acceptable but in certain situations almost obligatory.