coxsackievirus

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Related to Coxsackie: Coxsackie B

Coxsackievirus

A large subgroup of the genus Enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae. The coxsackieviruses produce various human illnesses, including aseptic meningitis, herpangina, pleurodynia, and encephalomyocarditis of newborn infants. See Picornaviridae

Coxsackieviruses measure about 28 nanometers in diameter; they resemble other enteroviruses in many biological properties, but differ in their high pathogenicity for newborn mice. At least 23 antigenically distinct types in group A are now recognized, and 6 in group B.

After incubation for 2–9 days, during which the virus multiplies in the enteric tract, clinical manifestations appear which vary widely. Diagnosis is by isolation of virus in tissue culture or infant mice. Stools are the richest source of virus. Neutralizing and complement-fixing antibodies form during convalescence and are also useful in diagnosis. See Antibody, Complement-fixation test

The coxsackieviruses have worldwide distribution. Infections occur chiefly during summer and early fall, often in epidemic proportions. Spread of virus, like that of other enteroviruses, is associated with family contact and contacts among young children. See Animal virus, Virus classification

coxsackievirus

[ku̇k′säk·ē‚vī·rəs]
(virology)
A large subgroup of the enteroviruses in the picornavirus group including various human pathogens.
References in periodicals archive ?
These serotypes included coxsackie A virus 9 and 16; coxsackie B viruses 1, 3, 4, 5, and 6; echoviruses 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 11, 15, 16, 18, 20, 21, 24, 25, 27, 30, and 31; enterovirus 71; and polioviruses 2 and 3.
The role of Coxsackie B viruses in the pathogenesis of myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy and inflammatory muscle disease.
Dwyer also notes that a particular Coxsackie virus (a denizen of the intestinal tract) can trigger off immunological attacks.
6%) patients hospitalized with VM, cause was also unspecified, and when a virus was specified (n = 180), enteroviruses (including coxsackie B virus and echovirus) were the most common etiologic agents at 28.
Meanwhile, the number of chronic viruses to consider continued to expand, including herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Coxsackie virus, parvovirus B19, echovirus, and hepatitis (HCV)--to name a few.
The result of throat culture was normal so nasopharyngeal swab was taken for microscopic inspection and tularemia, Coxsackie virus A-B and adenovirus IgM and IgG antibodies and diphtheria toxin were prospected.
The $60 million project in Coxsackie would generate between 15 and 20 megawatts, the equivalent of enough power to run at least 12,000 homes.
Amy Orn, who lives across the street, said her 2-year-old daughter contracted Coxsackie virus last month, likely from her toy or ball that had contacted feces.
The aim of this study was to examine the antiviral activity of raoulic acid against influenza A (Flu A/PR, Flu A/WS, H1N1) and Flu B viruses, human rhinovirus 2 and 3, coxsackie B3 and B4 viruses, and human enterovirus 71.
Methods: One hundred thirteen patients, 83 with type 2 diabetes and 30 control subjects, all undergoing hemodialysis at the same facility in San Antonio, Texas, were tested for antibodies against coxsackie B viruses, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and parvovirus.
National Bedding is buying 16 acres of land in the Kalkberg Commerce Park, which straddles the towns of New Baltimore and Coxsackie.
Coxsackie virus genome in the myocardium of patients with ARVC was identified using reverse transcriptase-nested polymerase chain reaction protocol and nucleic acid sequencing.