coyote

(redirected from Coyotes)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

coyote

(kī`ōt, kīō`tē) or

prairie wolf,

small, swift wolfwolf,
carnivorous mammal of the genus Canis in the dog family. Once distributed over most of the Northern Hemisphere, wild wolves are now confined to the wilder parts of a reduced range.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Canis latrans, native to W North America. Historically found in deserts, prairies, open woodlands, and brush country, it is increasingly colonizing urban habitats; it is also called brush wolf.

The coyote resembles a medium-sized dog, with a narrow, pointed face, long, thick, tawny fur and a black-tipped bushy tail. Adult males have a head and body length of about 35 in. (89 cm), with a 14-in. (36-cm) tail; they stand 21 in. (53 cm) at the shoulder and usually weigh about 30 lb (14 kg). The cry of the coyote, heard in the early evening, is a series of high-pitched yelps. Coyotes live in pairs, and both parents care for the young; they make their dens in roots of trees, rock crevices, or in ground burrows made by other animals. They are largely nocturnal, but are also seen in the day, and are extremely wary of humans.

They hunt alone, in pairs, or when hunting larger prey in small groups. Omnivorous feeders, they prey on a variety of small animals, sometimes cooperating to attack larger mammals; they also eat plant matter, carrion, and garbage. They can maintain a speed of 35 mi (56 km) per hour while chasing prey. Coyotes are responsible for destroying some domestic livestock, but they are valuable scavengers and destroyers of rodents.

There has almost always been a bounty on coyotes somewhere in the United States, and many thousands are killed each year. Despite this, coyotes have not been reduced in number, and their range has actually increased in the past century, due in part to the fact that many formerly forested areas now more closely resemble the plains and also that the eradication of top-level predators, such as wolves and mountain lions, has left an open ecological niche. Common in the central and W United States, they range N to Alaska, S to Central America, and throughout much of E North America; they have even moved into such urban areas New York City, Chicago, and Toronto. The eastern coyote is generally larger than those in the West as a result of having interbred with wolves; such hybrids are sometimes called coywolves.

The coyote is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Canidae.

Bibliography

See W. Grady, The Nature of Coyotes (1995).

Coyote

 

(Canis latrans) a predatory mammal of the family Canidae. Body length, approximately 90 cm; tail length, approximately 30 cm; weight, up to 13 kg. The fur is brown with specks of black and gray. The species is found in the New World from Alaska to Central America. Coyotes inhabit open spaces and live in pairs. Mating occurs in January. The gestation period is between 60 and 65 days; the female bears five to ten pups in a burrow. Hares, rodents, and carrion are the coyote’s principal food; it rarely attacks sheep or goats. Because the coyote adapts well to changes in its habitat, its range is expanding.

coyote

[′kī‚ōd·ē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Canis latrans. A small wolf native to western North America but found as far eastward as New York State. Also known as prairie wolf.

coyote

foiled in attempts to enjoy prey. [Am. Ind. Folklore: Mercatante, 77–78]

coyote

1. a predatory canine mammal, Canis latrans, related to but smaller than the wolf, roaming the deserts and prairies of North America
2. (in American Indian legends of the West) a trickster and culture hero represented as a man or as an animal
References in classic literature ?
With that alertness of the senses which is at once the marvel and despair of civilised peoples, they knew that the pirates were on the island from the moment one of them trod on a dry stick; and in an incredibly short space of time the coyote cries began.
What could the bewildered scouts do, masters as they were of every war-like artifice save this one, but trot helplessly after him, exposing themselves fatally to view, while they gave pathetic utterance to the coyote cry.
So he had eschewed all love-making, regulated his dual life, cleaned up a million in business, fought shy of match-making mamas and bright-eyed and eager young ladies of various ages, met Lilian Gersdale and made it a rigid observance never to see her later than eight o'clock in the evening, run of nights after his coyotes, and slept in forest lairs--and through it all had kept his secret safe save Lee Sing .
But he no longer lives in the country; nor does he run of nights after the coyotes under the moon.
He tried to doze again, but the yap of the coyote disturbed him.
He had seen the thing pursue the coyote, and he knew he had no chance on a straight run.
I saw him chasing a coyote, and the last I saw of it, by God, he was gaining on it.
But on general principles it is my opinion that a colt out of a coyote and a wild-cat is no square dog, but doubtful.
They were so pleased with the decision that they declared the Coyote their candidate for the Grizzly Bearship; but whether he ever obtained the office history does not relate.
WESTBORO -- Sightings of Eastern coyotes have been escalating recently, but as reports of the crafty and adaptable creatures have been increasing so have misidentifications as wolves.
Randolph Golf Course and Reid Park provided open space and sources of water for coyotes.