Crabbing


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crabbing

[′krab·iŋ]
(navigation)
The horizontal attitude of an aircraft in flight when a crosswind causes its heading to differ from the course.
(textiles)
A finishing process that sets warp and weft threads by winding the fabric on a roller under tension and then boiling or steaming.

Crabbing

 

the catching of crabs and their preparation as canned goods. The crab industry uses only king, blue, and tanner crabs. Crabs have been caught as food since 1837 in the Russian-American settlements on the Aleutian Islands. The crabbing industry along the Primor'e coast began in the 1870's; however, the first batches of canned crabmeat were not made until 1908.

A floating crab-processing factory is a large ship (165 m long with a displacement of 16,500 tons). The factory carries 12 motorboats that are launched in the sea to pick up the nets. Special ships set the nets as the crabs approach the coast during the spring migration at depths of 30–80 m; each ship sets out from 2,500 to 3,000 nets daily. The crabs are caught with thick-strand cotton nets with squares of 240 mm; each net is 43 m long. In addition, crab traps are used commercially. As crabs move along the botton, they become entangled in the nets, which are lifted onto the motorboats with winches. On the motorboats the crabs are removed from the nets, and the catch is sent to the factory. Special machines remove the extremities from the body, after which the crabs are boiled in sea water for several minutes. Then the meat is extracted and preserved.

The crab shell is used to make crab meal, which is used as bird food. Only males at least 13 cm long are used; male crabs under this size and females are returned to the sea. In the USSR the main crabbing region is the western coast of Kamchatka.

A. M. KARIAKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Crab feed, wine and beer tasting, cooking classes, crabbing trips, and a crab cake contest.
The trap may work well for recreational crabbing in shallow waters, but it is too cumbersome to fit on commercial boats.
The coalition calculated that Bering Sea crabbing is seven times as likely to prove fatal as fishing in general.
I once went seven days without taking off my rain gear,'' said Scott Zaffarano, now a pollack fisherman who gave up crabbing at 26 when, he said, he grew too old for it.
I asked Mike what he's learned over his last three crabbing seasons.
Commercial crabber and Seminole resident Doug Johnston has been crabbing for 32 years in the St.
Now is the best time of year for crabbing in Oregon.
This last weekend, there were probably 100 people crabbing off the docks every day," the marina manager said.
This year, however, the rains were late in arriving and crabbing was actually better in November than it was during August and September, said Roelle, a Winchester Bay cafe owner and fishing guide who monitors the local crab fishery as closely as anyone.
In addition to making crabbing a more active pastime, the Crabhawk opens new waters to shore-based crabbers.