Craft Union

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Related to Craft unionism: Industrial unionism

Craft Union

 

a trade union whose members have a specialized skill or are qualified for a given type of work. The first craft unions arose in the late 18th century in Great Britain, Western Europe, and the United States. With the growing division of labor and the simultaneous rise of large-scale capitalist enterprises, the craft unions were superseded by the industrial unions, which united all the workers of a single enterprise, whatever their occupation, and were thus more relevant to the needs of the workers’ class struggle. The industrial unions’ influence among workers has grown considerably in the 20th century; nevertheless, craft unions have survived in a number of capitalist countries—such as Great Britain and the USA—and are even the predominant type of union in certain branches of the economy.

References in periodicals archive ?
When the ILGWU dropped out of the contest, the "all-in" industrial unionism of the ACWA prevailed over the craft unionism of the GMU.
141) The defeat at Winnipeg and endorsement of Gompers' narrow craft unionism dealt a double-blow to supporters of industrial unionism.
The Clark thread mill strike of 1890 and the 1902 Rhode Island strike of thread mill workers, for example, readily fit the idea of exclusive male craft unionism while other disputes such as the 1892 Chicago boot and shoe strike do not.
These systems of work and their corresponding social hierarchy were reflected in two very different ideas of unionism and industrial democracy: the craft unionism of the AFL United Garment Workers (UGW) and the industrial unionism of the ACW.