Craft Union

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Craft Union

 

a trade union whose members have a specialized skill or are qualified for a given type of work. The first craft unions arose in the late 18th century in Great Britain, Western Europe, and the United States. With the growing division of labor and the simultaneous rise of large-scale capitalist enterprises, the craft unions were superseded by the industrial unions, which united all the workers of a single enterprise, whatever their occupation, and were thus more relevant to the needs of the workers’ class struggle. The industrial unions’ influence among workers has grown considerably in the 20th century; nevertheless, craft unions have survived in a number of capitalist countries—such as Great Britain and the USA—and are even the predominant type of union in certain branches of the economy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Technological changes since the 1960s have dramatically reduced the ranks of the craft unions such as the pressmen and mailers, which historically provided the muscle in disputes with newspapers.
The Trades and Labour Congress of Canada, composed of craft unions, had existed for more than 50 years.
In the end, the strike was broken by workers brought in by rail from other furniture-making centers, the poverty induced by the length of the strike, the 2,000 striking workers not allowed to join the exclusive craft unions and receive strike benefits, and the official condemnation of the Christian Reformed Church, the Protestant religion of the Dutch strikers.
Despite their general exclusion from craft unions and discrimination in vocational education and occupational licensure, construction in the South in 1930 provided blacks with more jobs than any industry except agriculture and domestic service.
Here he shows that even though British firms fought their craft unions over wages and the right to manage the shopfloor, even when it won British management found it most convenient to allow shopfloor workers to manage production.
It is our understanding that other craft unions at Browns Ferry have been allowed a representation vote as soon as they transitioned in-house," Carney added.
17) Nor, as John Laslett revealed decades ago, were craft unions inherently conservative: they always harboured significant enclaves of radical, even socialist, workers.
To alleviate this problem, the association has reached out to high schools in Western Canada to educate them about our industry, increased our presence at trade shows and conferences and worked with the four pipeline craft unions to streamline experienced workers from their, affiliates in the United States.
There were representatives from 16 regular and 46 associate member firms, plus the pipeline craft unions and various guests including several past presidents.
In 9-11, fatalities were heaviest among working people -- those just beginning their workday in the World Trade Center and the Pentagon; the flight crews on the four hijacked planes; the courageous police officers and firefighters who responded knowing full-well the risks they would encounter and the selfless volunteer workers -- thousands from craft unions -- who showed up within hours to begin clearing the rubble and seeking survivors.
One of the most widespread cultural forms and practices in the Victorian Era, Masonic fraternalism offered an organizational model not only for a host of competing fraternal orders and insurance societies but also for many craft unions.
The second nail was the failure of the craft unions to follow the American pattern of a single industry union.