Craigavon, James Craig, 1st Viscount

Craigavon, James Craig, 1st Viscount

(krāgăv`ən), 1871–1940, Irish statesman. He worked with Edward CarsonCarson, Edward Henry Carson, Baron,
1854–1935, Irish politician. After a successful legal career in Dublin, he was elected to the British Parliament (1892) and called to the English bar (1893).
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 in rousing the Protestants of Ulster against Home RuleHome Rule,
in Irish and English history, political slogan adopted by Irish nationalists in the 19th cent. to describe their objective of self-government for Ireland. Origins of the Home Rule Movement
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 in the crisis preceding World War I. He organized the Ulster Volunteers to resist any attempt to enforce Home Rule. In 1921 he became prime minister of the newly established government of Northern Ireland, a position he held until his death. He was created a viscount in 1927.
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