Crambe


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Related to Crambe: Crambe maritima, Crambe abyssinica

Crambe

 

a genus of annual or perennial plants of the family Cruciferae. They are generally densely branched herbs with large succulent leaves. The flowers are usually white. The fruit is two-sectioned, with an infertile lower section and a fertile monospermous upper section. There are between 20 and 25 species in Eurasia and Africa. In the USSR there are between 18 and 20 species, distributed on steppes, semideserts, and arid mountain slopes and sometimes along seacoasts (Baltic Region, southern European USSR, the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and the southern part of Western Siberia). The best-known species is sea kale (C. marétima). The stalks of its vernal leaves are used as a vegetable, which is smilar to asparagus. Sometimes sea kale is cultivated. The young shoots of C. tatarica and the raw leaves of C. oriental is are also used for food. The species C. Kotschyana is a valuable fodder, nectar-bearing, and starch-yielding plant; it is suitable for cultivation. The seeds of C. abyssinica, which grows in the Abyssinian Highlands, contain up to 53 percent nutrient oil.

References in periodicals archive ?
circumcinctus which is one of the large herbivores on Crambe plants.
O presente trabalho objetivou a determinacao da composicao centesimal e dos padroes da cinetica de degradacao da materia seca e da proteina bruta dos graos e coprodutos do crambe, girassol e soja, utilizados na alimentacao de ovinos.
Crambe is a drought-tolerant oilseed crop with demonstrated viability throughout western North Dakota and the surrounding region.
The company's focus is on dedicated plantations of industrial oil seeds, mainly jatropha, sunflower, crambe and castor.
This farmer happened to be taking crambe seed to a place to the west known as Belfield where it would be transferred to large bins for storage.
Crambe oil, presently in commercial development, has similar fatty acids to rapeseed oil and was compared alongside it.
Engineers at the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign have been working with oils from corn, peanuts, castor, cottonseed, crambe, linseed, soybeans, rapeseed, sunflowers, sesame and safflower.
The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota announces a $1 million project to evaluate renewable oil refining technologies for commercial production of diesel, jet, and other fuels and chemicals from North Dakota oilseed crops, such as crambe, at Tesoro's Mandan, North Dakota, oil refinery.
When the weather was slightly warmer, I dug up roots from oriental poppies, acanthus and crambe, and made them into little bundles immersed in damp sand to keep them turgid and the right way up.
The new plant will be engineered in such a way that it is capable of using not only soybeans but also other crops like sunflower, crambe and jatropha.