Crane Flies


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Crane Flies: mosquito hawk

Crane Flies

 

(Tipulidae), a family of insects of the order Diptera. They are medium or large-sized (up to 40 mm) mosquitoes with long legs. Coloration is grayish, yellow, or brown. There are approximately 1,500 species, and about 400 are found in the USSR.

Crane flies appear in early spring and remain until late autumn, geneally in damp meadows and damp forests. As a rule the adults do not feed, although some forms drink water or nectar. They lay their eggs in the soil, rotten wood, or moss, less commonly in water. The larvae are a dirty gray or brownish color, with a single pair of large spiracles at the rear end of the abdomen, surrounded by six fleshy growths. They feed on decaying plant matter or roots, sometimes damaging garden plants (an example of a harmful species is Tipula paludosa) or even tree seedlings in nurseries (species of the genus Nephrotoma). Countermeasures are chiefly agrotechnical and include proper soil cultivation and crop rotation. The name crane flies is often applied to representatives of other closely related families of Diptera, such as Limoniidae, whose larvae develop in decomposing matter, fungi, or in water; there are more than 1,300 species of these, and about 500 are found in the Soviet Union. Of particular interest are species of the genus Chionea, which have reduced wings; they are frequently active on the snow in winter.

REFERENCES

Opredelitel’ nasekomykh Evropeiskoi chasti SSSR, vol. 5, part 1. Edited by G. Ia. Bei-Bienko. Moscow-Leningrad, 1969.
Savchenko, E. N. “Komary-dolgonozhki.” In Fauna SSSR: Nasekomye dvukrylye, vol. 2, fasc. 3, 4, 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961-64.
Giliarov, M. S. Osobennosti pochvy kak sredy obitaniia i ee znachenie v evoliutsii nasekomykh, Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.

M. S. GILIAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
To date, the female of this species has been unknown, in part, because the extreme sexual dimorphism of many species of crane flies makes it difficult to associate females with the males.
A recently discovered parasite of crane flies is reported for the first time from Michigan.
The lights on the porch attract most of the crane flies around here, but a few slipped inside one evening, resting delicately on the kitchen walls.
Crane flies emerge in the autumn to hatch their young after spending most of the year underground.
The abundance of insects including butterflies, crane flies and spiders which have also been much in evidence during the summer heatwave have also remained.
The Midlands is already reeling from an invasion of crane flies (popularly known as Daddy Long Legs) caused by the hot weather, as freak temperatures topped 80F on Thursday.
They are the larvae of crane flies or daddy-longlegs, creating lawn problems and also damaging plants in flower borders or pots.
There is no need to fear them - most adult crane flies can't eat or chew.
However, what many people don't know is their efforts are wasted because adult crane flies cannot be sufficiently controlled by applying pesticides in late summer and fall.
The main pest in my house - apart from Yogi the dog when she's in a bolshy mood - are those long-legged spiders that look a little like crane flies.
daeckei, are parasitoids of crane flies as reported in the seminal publication on this subject (Koenig and Young 2007), which stimulated the present work on the problem.
Hoppers, Sedgehogs and Daddies are also beginning to take fish as the first of the Crane flies are now appearing.