crane fly

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Related to Cranefly: mosquito hawk, Tipulidae, Mosquito eater

crane fly,

true flyfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 resembling a mosquito, often called daddy longlegs because of its six long, delicate legs. (The harvestmanharvestman,
arachnid, often called daddy longlegs because of its eight long, slender legs. The harvestman has a rounded or oval body possessing glands that give off an acrid scent.
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, also called daddy longlegs, belongs to an unrelated order.) Most species of crane flies have a single pair of wings and slender bodies. They feed upon plant substances and frequent damp places in pastures and meadows. Crane flies belong to the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Tipulidae.

Crane Fly

 

(Tipula paludosa), an insect of the family Tipulidae. The adult crane fly resembles the gray mosquito and is 20-24 mm long. Its eggs are about 1 mm long, oval, black, and shiny, and its larvae are 30-35 mm long, legless, and cylindrical. The crane fly is widespread in North America and Europe. It is found everywhere in the USSR and injures mainly flax in the humid regions of the European Soviet Union, especially flax growing on moist peaty soils. It is less destructive to hemp, peas, potatoes, corn, barley, oats, buckwheat, and vegetables. There is one generation a year. The crane fly lays its eggs in the soil. The larvae live and winter in the soil where they feed on roots and dead parts of plants. In the spring they gnaw at the roots and stems of young plants and at leaves close to the ground, severely thinning out the crops. Control methods include drainage of bogs, deep fall plowing, poison bait, and treatment of crops with insecticides.

I. M. BELIAEV

crane fly

any dipterous fly of the family Tipulidae, having long legs, slender wings, and a narrow body
References in periodicals archive ?
3rd: The Spinning Cranefly Moon enters its last phase at 8:56 a.
Adult Cranefly (Daddy-long-legs) should start hatching in a matter of days
The cranefly is the adult version of the dreaded leatherjacket
Higher temperatures in late summer are killing the cranefly larvae, resulting in a drop of up to 95 per cent in the number of adult craneflies emerging the following spring.
The findings follow a study at two upland sites which showed cranefly populations were being decimated by longer summers, which dry soil and kill most larvae eggs.
Larvae of the cranefly have taken advantage of Aberdeen's undersoil heating to colonise the Pittodrie turf.
I was a telegraphist on a fishing trawler, converted for minesweeping duties - HMT Cranefly - operating in the North Sea, out of Grimsby.
Question: Which order of insects does the cranefly belong to?
Undersoil heating has created the perfect breeding ground for cranefly - known as leatherjackets - at the SPL team's Pittodrie Stadium.
Hill and moorland breeding species such as curlew, golden plover and lapwing time the hatching of their young to coincide with the emergence of cranefly, or daddy long legs.