crane fly(redirected from Cranefly)
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crane fly,true flyfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
..... Click the link for more information. resembling a mosquito, often called daddy longlegs because of its six long, delicate legs. (The harvestmanharvestman,
arachnid, often called daddy longlegs because of its eight long, slender legs. The harvestman has a rounded or oval body possessing glands that give off an acrid scent.
..... Click the link for more information. , also called daddy longlegs, belongs to an unrelated order.) Most species of crane flies have a single pair of wings and slender bodies. They feed upon plant substances and frequent damp places in pastures and meadows. Crane flies belong to the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
..... Click the link for more information. , class Insecta, order Diptera, family Tipulidae.
(Tipula paludosa), an insect of the family Tipulidae. The adult crane fly resembles the gray mosquito and is 20-24 mm long. Its eggs are about 1 mm long, oval, black, and shiny, and its larvae are 30-35 mm long, legless, and cylindrical. The crane fly is widespread in North America and Europe. It is found everywhere in the USSR and injures mainly flax in the humid regions of the European Soviet Union, especially flax growing on moist peaty soils. It is less destructive to hemp, peas, potatoes, corn, barley, oats, buckwheat, and vegetables. There is one generation a year. The crane fly lays its eggs in the soil. The larvae live and winter in the soil where they feed on roots and dead parts of plants. In the spring they gnaw at the roots and stems of young plants and at leaves close to the ground, severely thinning out the crops. Control methods include drainage of bogs, deep fall plowing, poison bait, and treatment of crops with insecticides.
I. M. BELIAEV