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(Cray, Inc., Seattle, WA, A supercomputer manufacturer founded in 1972 as Cray Research, Inc., by Seymour Cray, a leading designer of large-scale computers at Control Data. In 1976, it shipped its first computer to Los Alamos National Laboratory. The CRAY-1 was a 75 MHz, 64-bit machine with a peak speed of 160 megaFLOPS, making it the world's fastest vector processor.

Over the years the company has introduced numerous models of entry-level to high-end supercomputers including the X-MP, Y-MP, C90, T90, J90, T3E, SV1, SV2 and MTA series. All Unix based, they are used for many different industrial, technical and commercial applications.

In 1989, Seymour Cray left his company to found Cray Computer Corporation, which closed six years later. In 1996, Cray Research was acquired by Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI). In 2000, Tera Computer Company acquired the vector processor technology from SGI and changed its name to Cray, Inc. The company's latest high-performance computing systems are microprocessor based and use x86 chips from AMD and Intel.

Seymour Cray
Cray became famous for his supercomputers, and his passion for high-speed computing led to many innovative designs. Cray died in 1996 at the age of 71, due to injuries in an automobile accident. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)

The Cray 1
In the late 1970s, the Cray 1 became synonymous with high-speed computing. It was often photographed for "space-age" computer shots because of its science fiction silhouette. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)

The Cray T90
In this world of look-alike boxes, the machines that Cray has built are sure standouts. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Cray Research provides the leading supercomputing tools and services to help solve customers' most challenging problems.
Version 69 includes a feature exclusively for Cray Research platforms that can reduce turnaround time for customers running MSC/NASTRAN to find the normal modes of a structure.
CraySoft, Cray Fortran 90, CF90 and CRAY SUPERSERVER 6400 are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cray Research Inc.
Prior to joining Cray Research, he was employed by Control Data Corporation and from 1955 to 1959 he worked for Engineering Resea rc
SCIENTIFIC's Linda is an important addition to the programming and applications support tools available for the CRAY T3D system, according to Derek Robb, Cray Research vice president of marketing.
This new Cray Research technology begins at $4,100 (U.
The Cray Research supercomputer is linked to existing computer systems via a local area network and will be used for various compute-intensive jobs in the areas of geophysics, environmental and oceanological research, including fossil fuel reservoir modeling and ocean and demographic simulation.
In announcing the promotion, Carlson said, "Hori-san has led the Cray Research Japan team in growing our Japanese installed base from eight systems and seven customers in 1988 to more than 80 systems and 68 customers today.
This Cray Research system will facilitate rigorous testing of the enhanced scalability features of OnLine Dynamic Server 7.
BioNumerik), San Antonio, will enter a beta site agreement for new supercomputer systems from Cray Research, Inc.
When the system is installed next year, Wayne State will become the first university in Michigan to acquire its own Cray Research supercomputer.
27 /PRNewswire/ -- Neighborhood Beverage Corporation, a start-up bottling plant in South Central Los Angeles, has selected a CRAY SUPERSERVER 6400 system to run the company's manufacturing, order entry, accounting and distribution operations, Cray Research Superservers, a subsidiary of Cray Research, Inc.