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(Cray, Inc., Seattle, WA, A supercomputer manufacturer founded in 1972 as Cray Research, Inc., by Seymour Cray, a leading designer of large-scale computers at Control Data. In 1976, it shipped its first computer to Los Alamos National Laboratory. The CRAY-1 was a 75 MHz, 64-bit machine with a peak speed of 160 megaFLOPS, making it the world's fastest vector processor.

Over the years the company has introduced numerous models of entry-level to high-end supercomputers including the X-MP, Y-MP, C90, T90, J90, T3E, SV1, SV2 and MTA series. All Unix based, they are used for many different industrial, technical and commercial applications.

In 1989, Seymour Cray left his company to found Cray Computer Corporation, which closed six years later. In 1996, Cray Research was acquired by Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI). In 2000, Tera Computer Company acquired the vector processor technology from SGI and changed its name to Cray, Inc. The company's latest high-performance computing systems are microprocessor based and use x86 chips from AMD and Intel.

Seymour Cray
Cray became famous for his supercomputers, and his passion for high-speed computing led to many innovative designs. Cray died in 1996 at the age of 71, due to injuries in an automobile accident. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)

The Cray 1
In the late 1970s, the Cray 1 became synonymous with high-speed computing. It was often photographed for "space-age" computer shots because of its science fiction silhouette. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)

The Cray T90
In this world of look-alike boxes, the machines that Cray has built are sure standouts. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)
References in periodicals archive ?
We've been ultraconservative in making our argument,'' said Earl Joseph, a market analyst at Cray Research who was involved in preparing its complaint.
Rollwagen, who served as chairman and CEO of HPC pioneer Cray Research from 1981-1993, is also an investor in the company.
So far, IBM has been conspicuously absent from the supercomputer market, now dominated by Cray Research, Inc.
Moxon led numerous projects for Conexant Systems, Cray Research, Hewlett-Packard, SGI, Adobe and others.
The other center will be using supercomputers provided by Cray Research Inc.
Previously, he held consulting and engineering positions at Forsythe Solutions Group, Snelling & Snelling, Stonebridge Technologies, and Cray Research.
As CEO and Chairman of Cray Research, he facilitated a merger with Silicon Graphics, an action that doubled the value of Cray stock at the time of the merger.
Previously, he served as manager of the Environmental Sciences Group at Cray Research and was a weather consultant to Federal Express.