Crazy Horse

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Crazy Horse,

d. 1877, war chief of the Oglala SiouxSioux
or Dakota,
confederation of Native North American tribes, the dominant group of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock, which is divided into several separate branches (see Native American languages).
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. He was a prominent leader in the Sioux resistance to white encroachment in the mineral-rich Black HillsBlack Hills,
rugged mountains, c.6,000 sq mi (15,540 sq km), enclosed by the Belle Fourche and Cheyenne rivers, SW S.Dak. and NE Wyo., and rising c.2,500 ft (760 m) above the surrounding Great Plains; Harney Peak, 7,242 ft (2,207 m) above sea level, is the highest point in the
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. When Crazy Horse and his people refused to go on a reservation, troops attacked (Mar. 17, 1876) their camp on Powder River. Crazy Horse was victorious in that battle as well as in his encounter with Gen. George CrookCrook, George,
1828–90, U.S. general, b. near Dayton, Ohio, grad. West Point, 1852. During the Civil War, Crook commanded a regiment of Ohio volunteers as colonel.
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 on the Rosebud River (June 17). He joined Sitting BullSitting Bull,
c.1831–1890, Native American chief and spiritual leader, Sioux leader in the battle of the Little Bighorn. He rose to prominence in the Sioux warfare against the whites and the resistance of the Native Americans under his leadership to forced settlement on a
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 and GallGall
, c.1840–1894, war chief of the Sioux, b. South Dakota. He refused to accept the treaty of 1868 (by which he would have been confined to a reservation), joined Sitting Bull and other dissident chiefs, and was the chief military lieutenant of Sitting Bull in the great
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 in defeating George Armstrong CusterCuster, George Armstrong,
1839–76, American army officer, b. New Rumley, Ohio, grad. West Point, 1861. Civil War Service

Custer fought in the Civil War at the first battle of Bull Run, distinguished himself as a member of General McClellan's staff in the
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 at the battle of the Little Bighorn (June 25). In Jan., 1877, Gen. Nelson MilesMiles, Nelson Appleton,
1839–1925, American army officer, b. near Westminster, Mass. In 1861, at the outbreak of the Civil War, he left his job in a Boston store and organized a company of volunteers.
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 attacked his camp, and Crazy Horse and his followers spent the rest of that winter in a state of near starvation. Numbering about 1,000, they surrendered at the Red Cloud agency in May. Imprisoned because he was rumored to be planning a revolt, Crazy Horse was killed while reportedly attempting to escape. His bravery and skill were generally acknowledged, and he is revered by the Sioux as their greatest leader. Near Custer, S.Dak., the Crazy Horse MemorialCrazy Horse Memorial,
memorial to the Oglala Souix chief Crazy Horse and Native Americans, under construction at Thunderhead Mt., near Custer, S.Dak., in the Black Hills.
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, depicting the chief mounted on horseback, has been under construction since 1948.


See biographies by M. Sandoz (1942, repr. 2004), E. A. Brininstool (1949), L. McMurtry (1998), and K. M. Bray (2006); T. Powers, The Killing of Crazy Horse (2010).

Crazy Horse

(1842–1877) Indian chief who led Sioux against the white men in the northern plains. [Am. Hist.: EB, III: 225–226]

Crazy Horse

Indian name Ta-Sunko-Witko. ?1849--77, Sioux Indian chief, remembered for his attempts to resist White settlement in Sioux territory

Crazy Horse (b. Tashunka Witco)

(?1842–77) Oglala Sioux chief; born near the Black Hills near present-day South Dakota. His mother was a sister of Brulé Chief Spotted Tail and his father was an Oglala medicine man who often spoke of the need for a leader to unite the Sioux and drive out the whites. As a youth, Crazy Horse was solitary and meditative—the Sioux called him "Strange One"—but also an accomplished hunter and fighter. He participated in all of the major Sioux actions to protect the Black Hills against white intrusion, believing himself immune from battle injury. In 1865 he was selected as a "shirt wearer," or protector of the people, in recognition of his valor and achievement and he took part in the main battles of Red Cloud's war (1865–68). In 1876 he was named supreme war and peace chief of the Oglalas, uniting in struggle most of the Sioux still free. In January 1876 he led the Sioux and Cheyenne to victory at the battle of Rosebud; that July he led these same tribes' warriors in defeating Custer's forces at Little Bighorn. Pursued by U.S. forces, with his band of some 1,000 facing starvation, he surrendered in May 1877. White fear and Indian jealousy led to intrigue against him and finally to his death at the hands of a U.S. soldier—allegedly while resisting being forced into a jail cell. He is regarded as a symbol of the heroic resistance of the Sioux and as their greatest leader, and a gigantic figure of Crazy Horse has been sculptured (by Korczak Ziolkowski) out of mountain in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
References in periodicals archive ?
To date, the Office of Safe and Healthy Students has awarded more than $44 million to 136 grantees, including Crazy Horse School, since the grants program began in 2001.
Marshall's simple framework of weaving the stories about Crazy Horse with the self-discovery of a modern-day boy make this book a fine read.
In the mid-1930s she was traveling with journalist Eleanor Hinman who was planning her own Crazy Horse biography.
Neil said at the time: "Due to an accident involving Crazy Horse, the remaining dates on the Neil Young and Crazy Horse tour of Europe and the British isles have been cancelled.
Maybe Crazy Horse was indicating the site of the fateful battle at Little Bighorn in June, 1876, which, although hailed as an outstanding victory for the American Indians, ironically heralded the end of their traditional, nomadic way of life.
Like Crazy Horse, he led his people during years of resistance to US government policies although his warrior days were long behind him by the time he started travelling.
The tour follows positive reviews of the recent expansive double-album Psychedelic Pill, the second collaborative album of 2012 by the legendary Neil Young and the collective Crazy Horse.
I love coming here to Crazy Horse III every year to celebrate with my friends here in Las Vegas
Depart-ment of Transportation and tours of the Crazy Horse Memorial, Deadwood, and Mount Rushmore.
Crazy Horse, which has been a fixture of Parisian life for more than 60 years, has a formidable reputation as the world's most seductive cabaret.
Neil Young And Crazy Horse - Psychedelic Pill The ragged rock genius's first album of new material with his long-time collaborators in nearly a decade is, at first, a daunting proposition, with the opening track clocking in at almost 30 minutes, while two 16-minute epics lurk on the double-disc tracklist.
Singled out for special hatred after the Custer debacle at the Little Big Horn in 1876, Crazy Horse, chief of a northern Oglala band, was a marked man from the moment he rode into the Red Cloud Agency the next year to fight no more.