Crazy Horse Memorial

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Crazy Horse Memorial,

memorial to the Oglala Souix chief Crazy HorseCrazy Horse,
d. 1877, war chief of the Oglala Sioux. He was a prominent leader in the Sioux resistance to white encroachment in the mineral-rich Black Hills. When Crazy Horse and his people refused to go on a reservation, troops attacked (Mar.
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 and Native Americans, under construction at Thunderhead Mt., near Custer, S.Dak., in the Black HillsBlack Hills,
rugged mountains, c.6,000 sq mi (15,540 sq km), enclosed by the Belle Fourche and Cheyenne rivers, SW S.Dak. and NE Wyo., and rising c.2,500 ft (760 m) above the surrounding Great Plains; Harney Peak, 7,242 ft (2,207 m) above sea level, is the highest point in the
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. When finished it will consist of an equestrian statue of Crazy Horse, 563 ft (172 m) high and 641 ft (196 m) long, carved in the round out of the mountainside; it will be the largest statue in the world. Work on the memorial was begun in 1948 by American sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski (1908–82) at the invitation of Lakota Chief Henry Standing Bear; it is expected to be finished in the mid-21st cent.