Creeks


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Creeks

 

the name given by Europeans in the 17th and 18th centuries to the confederation of Muskogean Indian tribes.

The Creeks lived in what are now the states of Georgia and Alabama and engaged in hoe farming, hunting, and fishing. By the time of European colonization, they were at the stage of forming an early class society. The seizure of Creek lands by colonizers in the 1830’s and the forced resettlement of the Creeks in Oklahoma marked the end of their independent development. The present-day Creeks (who numbered approximately 16,700 in 1950) are to a considerable extent assimilated. Their chief occupations are small farming and working for hire. In the past, the religious beliefs of the Creeks consisted of sun and fire worship; after colonization, the Creeks were Christianized.

References in classic literature ?
As soon as the water has drained off, he creeps up the little creeks that men think would not hide a dog, and there he waits.
Here we lay in hiding all day, and on the following night, swept on by a flood tide and a fresh wind, we crossed San Pablo Bay in two hours and ran up Petaluma Creek.
when Barbicane and his party, quitting Tampa Town, made their way along the coast in the direction of Alifia Creek.
I took the boat and rowed some distance up this creek.
Even at high tide the creeks never reach so far as the back there.
We sailed south; we overtook many praus; we examined the creeks and the bays; we saw the end of our coast, of our island--a steep cape over a disturbed strait, where drift the shadows of shipwrecked praus and drowned men clamour in the night.
The remnants of the Mohicans, and the Delawares, of the Creeks, Choctaws, and Cherokees, are destined to fulfil their time on these vast plains.
At noon we turned out again, to cross a wide river in another steamboat; landed at a continuation of the railroad on the opposite shore; and went on by other cars; in which, in the course of the next hour or so, we crossed by wooden bridges, each a mile in length, two creeks, called respectively Great and Little Gunpowder.
The man who had proclaimed himself the only true servant of God in all the valley of Wine Creek, and who had wanted God to send him a sign of approval by way of a son out of the womb of Kather- ine, began to think that at last his prayers had been answered.
Here and there the grease and filth have caked solid, and the creek looks like a bed of lava; chickens walk about on it, feeding, and many times an unwary stranger has started to stroll across, and vanished temporarily.
But when I got to shore pap wasn't in sight yet, and as I was running her into a little creek like a gully, all hung over with vines and willows, I struck another idea: I judged I'd hide her good, and then,
On the 17th, we came in full view of a great island, or continent (for we knew not whether;) on the south side whereof was a small neck of land jutting out into the sea, and a creek too shallow to hold a ship of above one hundred tons.