Creeley, Robert

Creeley, Robert,

1926–2005, American poet, b. Arlington, Mass. He lived in Asia, Europe, and Latin America and taught at various universities in the United States. With Charles OlsonOlson, Charles,
1910–70, American critic and poet, b. Worcester, Mass., grad. Harvard (B.A., 1932; M.A., 1933). His literary reputation was established with Call Me Ishmael (1947), a study of the influence of Shakespeare and other writers on Melville's Moby-Dick.
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, he was a leading member of the Black Mountain school of poetry and for a time (1954–57) was editor of the Black Mountain Review. Creeley's poems have an effect of purity and elegance, with their combination of emotional directness and reticence, their conversational tone, brevity of development, and spare lyricism. His works include the poetry of Pieces (1969), Selected Poems (1976), Memory Gardens (1986), Echoes (1994), Life & Death (1998), Just in Time (2001), and the posthumously published On Earth (2006), and a novel, The Island (1963). Creeley was also a short-story writer and essayist. In addition, from the 1960s on he collaborated on a variety of projects with such artists as Robert Indiana, Georg Baselitz, R. B. Kitaj, Alex Katz, and Susan Rothenberg. Creeley's collected poems were published in 1982 and 1998 and his collected prose in 1984.


See his Autobiography (1990); correspondence with Charles Olson, ed. by G. F. Butterick (8 vol., 1980–87); correspondence with Irving Layton, ed. by E. Faas and S. Reed (1990); studies by A. Mandel (1974), C. D. Edelberg (1978), A. L. Ford (1978), J. Wilson, ed. (1987), T. Clark (1993), A. Cappellazzo and E. Licata, ed. (1999), and L. Rifkin (2000).

Creeley, Robert (White)

(1926–  ) poet, writer; born in Arlington, Mass. He studied at Harvard (1943–46), Black Mountain College (B.A. 1955), and the University of New Mexico (M.A. 1960). After extensive travel, he taught at New York State University: Buffalo (1966). Known for his poetry, as in Mirrors (1983), he also wrote criticism and fiction.
References in periodicals archive ?
She came to know Robert Creeley, Robert Duncan and Charles Olson, and with them became associated with the Black Mountain School of poetry.
Robert Creeley, Robert Duncan, and Charles Olson are no longer "the Black Mountain poets" (were they ever?
Other facult y during Wolpe's tenure included poets Robert Creeley, Robert Duncan, and (for the first two months) M.
Correspondingly, older poets associated with such cultural eclecticism are well represented here, including writing from Robert Duncan, Robert Creeley, Robert Kelly, Armand Schwerner, and Carl Rakosi.
While all three poets -- Charles Olson, Robert Creeley, Robert Duncan -- are included in various Norton anthologies and while all three are currently in print in terms of "selected works" editions, it is not to be expected that students will come to Understanding the Black Mountain Poets with anything more than the barest acquaintance, if that, with their work.
The group grew up around the poets Robert Creeley, Robert Duncan, and Charles Olson while they were teaching at Black Mountain College in North Carolina.