Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

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Related to Creutzfeld-Jakob disease: Huntington's disease, mad cow disease

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease:

see prionprion
, abnormal form of a protein found in mammals, believed to cause a group of diseases known as prion diseases or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Well-known prion diseases are Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and kuru in humans, scrapie in sheep, bovine
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References in periodicals archive ?
Two patients were diagnosed with sporadic Creutzfeld-Jakob disease due to the presence of periodic sharp wave complexes in EEG and myoclonus, protein 14-3-3 positivity in CSF, basal ganglia hyperintensity in T2, and restricted difusion on diffusion weighted imaging (DWI).
The Government announced last month that experts had advised a ban on blood donation on anyone who had had a transfusion since January 1980 because of a 'slight risk' of the transmission of variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (vCJD).
It follows medical research which showed a 'slight risk' of the transmission of variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (vCJD).
Finally, some experts would like to see testing with prions, a type of protein that can become "misfolded" and contribute to brain diseases including variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease and kuru, a fatal dementia among a tribe in New Guinea caused by eating the remains of diseased humans.
Mad cow is part of a family of brain disorders known as prion diseases, that include scrapie in sheep; chronic wasting disease in deer and elk; and new variant Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease, or vCJD, in humans.
Jorawar Gill from Marston, near Kingsbury, died aged 20 earlier this month after battling variant Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease (vCJD) for more than two years.
Barbara Roden, 48, suffered confusion and giddiness before succumbing to sporadic Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease on April 3, within 14 weeks of feeling unwell, an inquest heard.
Single-use instruments - such as catheters, guidewires and biopsy forceps - have helped ensure sterility and prevent cross-infection in the face of the increasing prevalence of hospital-acquired infections, antibiotic resistance, and life-threatening transmissible diseases such as hepatitis and variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease, claims the campaign.
There are some doubts in the medical world about the link between socalled mad cow disease and new variant Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease (nvCJD) where rates of new cases has remained fewer than 25 a year.
Beginning next spring, thousands of additional people who have lived in or visited Europe will be barred from donating blood as a new precaution against the spread of variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (vCJD), the human form of mad cow disease that apparently is spread by eating infected beef.
The term "vCJD" refers to variant Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease (sometimes also called "new variant CJD" or "nvCJD"), a form of the disease that scientists have shown is caused by exposure to mad cow disease.