Cricetus


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Cricetus

 

(black-bellied hamster), a genus of rodents of the family Cricetidae. The cylindric body reaches a length of 35 cm. The short legs, ears, and tail are not covered with fur. The body is ocher-brown above and black below. There are light spots on the sides and, at times, on the neck and behind the ears.

There are three or four species of black-bellied hamsters, inhabiting forest steppes, plains, and plateaus in southeastern Europe, including the Caucasus. The rodents are also found in Southwest Asia, Asia Minor, and Kazakhstan. Black-bellied hamsters are solitary animals. A litter usually consists of 11 or 12 young; occasionally there are as many as 20 young. The animals store and feed on seeds; they often destroy crops. The pelts of large species, such C. cricetus, are tanned. Black-bellied hamsters often are divided into two genera: Cricetus and Meso-cricetus.

References in periodicals archive ?
2008: Draft European action plan for the conservation of the common hamster (Cricetus cricetus, L.
DNA for the hamster species Cricetulus sokolovi (Sokolov's hamster), Cricetulus barabensis (striped dwarf hamster), Cricetulus longicaudatus (long-tailed dwarf hamster), Cricetulus pseudogriseus (Transbaikal hamster), Cricetulus migratorius (gray dwarf hamster), Cricetus cricetus (black-bellied hamster) and Allocricetulus eversmanni (Eversmann's hamster) were generously supplied by Dr.
In contrast, the species Cricetulus migratorius, Cricetus cricetus, and Allocricetulus eversmanni were all found to lack the B2 element within loci X96664 and X96549 (Table 2).
2006: Eight new polymorphic microsatellite loci for genetic analyses in the endangered common hamster (Cricetus cricetus L.
2003: Reintroduction of the common hamster, Cricetus cricetus, in the Netherlands, preliminary results.
2000: Status of hamsters: Cricetus cricetus, Cricetulus migratorius, Mesocricetus newtoni and other hamster species in Europe.
2004: Polymorphic microsatellites for the analysis of endangered common hamster populations (Cricetus cricetus L.