Crimean Tatar

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Crimean Tatar

 

the language of the Tatars who lived in the Crimea until 1944 and who now reside mainly in the Uzbek SSR.

Crimean Tatar belongs to the Kypchak group of Turkic languages. It is divided into three dialects—Northern (Steppe), Middle, and Southern (in accordance with the settlement areas of the Crimean Tatars in the past); the Southern dialect has been greatly influenced by Turkish. Certain special features of Crimean Tatar include (1) dropping of initial and final h (ava instead of hava, “air,” and saba instead of sabah, “morning”); (2) narrow vowel elision in initial or medial syllable position— (i)lyach, “medicine”; (u)sta, “master”; (u)razhay, k(i)rerim, “I will go in”; (3) genitive case forms of the first person singular and plural pronouns menim and bizim, respectively (instead of mening and bizing); and (4) the first person singular future tense form of negation -mam/-mem (yazmam, “I will not write”).

Historically, Crimean Tatar dates back to the period of decline of the Golden Horde (early 15th century). The oldest Crimean Tatar literary records date from the 17th century. The sub-dialects which evolved from the Cuman language constitute the nucleus of the modern Crimean Tatar literary language. Crimean Tatar used the Arabic alphabet until 1929 and the Latin alphabet until 1938; it has employed Russian script since 1938.

REFERENCES

Zaatov, O. Polnyi russko-tatarskii slovar’. Simferopol’, 1906.
Samoilovich, A. Opyt kratkoi krymsko-tatarskoi grammatiki. Petrograd, 1916.
Sevortian, E. V. “Krymsko-tatarskii iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Crimea, Russian restrictions on the right to freedom of expression, assembly and association have been fully applied, and pro-Ukrainian activists and members of the Crimean Tartar community have been targeted by paramilitary and persecuted by the de facto authorities.
For that girl is Safinar, known mostly as Safi, a Crimean Tartar who with her parents and her brother, Lutfi, had been living in exile in Uzbekistan since the Second World War.
9, 1917, the Crimean People's Republic had been formed with Crimean Tartar Noman Ecelebicihan as its founding president.
The illegal annexation of Crimea, which we will never recognise, and the precarious situation of the Crimean Tatars in the new circumstancs have made us gather here in Kyiv, rather than in Crimea, for the commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the deportations of Crimean Tartars," he said in a speech on Friday, according to an EU press release here Saturday.
Many thought that cultural (the Ottoman past in Crimea) and Islamic (the Muslim Crimean Tartars facing trouble) motives would determine Ankara's stance on the crisis.
Doubts have inevitably been expressed about the official turnout and yes-vote figures, even though objective observers are generally willing to concede that the idea of a reunion with Russia enjoyed majority support in Crimea -- and that opponents of the move, presumably including most of the Crimean Tartars who returned to the territory decades after they and their ancestors were expelled to Central Asia under Josef Stalin, tended to boycott the poll.
One response of conservative Mennonites to the loss of their traditional protection from the Polish crown, was to accept the offer of Catherine the Great of Russia to resettle in the Ukrainian lands recently cleared by her victory over the Crimean Tartars.
After the Mongolo-Tartar invasion of the thirteenth century, the peninsula had been inhabited by the Crimean Tartars, who gave it the present name [Kyrym in Turkish, or Krym in Russian].
Turkey has a large ethnic Chechen population, many of whom are refugees from wars against the Russians there in the 1990s, while it also has historical links to the Crimean Tartars.
The House, established with the help of American missionaries, is also supported by Ukrainians, Russians, Crimean Tartars and South Africans.
Turks feel close to Crimean Tartars for historical reasons.
Hellier indelibly links the two in the mind of the reader by relating the story of Roxelana, a Russian slave captured by Crimean Tartars.