Crimean Tatar

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Crimean Tatar


the language of the Tatars who lived in the Crimea until 1944 and who now reside mainly in the Uzbek SSR.

Crimean Tatar belongs to the Kypchak group of Turkic languages. It is divided into three dialects—Northern (Steppe), Middle, and Southern (in accordance with the settlement areas of the Crimean Tatars in the past); the Southern dialect has been greatly influenced by Turkish. Certain special features of Crimean Tatar include (1) dropping of initial and final h (ava instead of hava, “air,” and saba instead of sabah, “morning”); (2) narrow vowel elision in initial or medial syllable position— (i)lyach, “medicine”; (u)sta, “master”; (u)razhay, k(i)rerim, “I will go in”; (3) genitive case forms of the first person singular and plural pronouns menim and bizim, respectively (instead of mening and bizing); and (4) the first person singular future tense form of negation -mam/-mem (yazmam, “I will not write”).

Historically, Crimean Tatar dates back to the period of decline of the Golden Horde (early 15th century). The oldest Crimean Tatar literary records date from the 17th century. The sub-dialects which evolved from the Cuman language constitute the nucleus of the modern Crimean Tatar literary language. Crimean Tatar used the Arabic alphabet until 1929 and the Latin alphabet until 1938; it has employed Russian script since 1938.


Zaatov, O. Polnyi russko-tatarskii slovar’. Simferopol’, 1906.
Samoilovich, A. Opyt kratkoi krymsko-tatarskoi grammatiki. Petrograd, 1916.
Sevortian, E. V. “Krymsko-tatarskii iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
The fact that now the Crimean Tatar nationalists decided to cooperate with 'Bozkurtlar', is not surprising, as well as the worsening of Russian-Turkish relations.
The Association Council expressed concern over the deterioration of the human rights situation in the Crimean peninsula, including that of the Crimean Tatar communityand called for the provision of full, free and unrestricted access to the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol to international human rights actors.
Especially persecuted are Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar activists, but any citizen who dares to express pro-Ukrainian or anti-Kremlin views risks his freedom.
A 2013 Crimean Tatar-language film, it portrays Crimean Tatar test pilot and Hero of the Soviet Union, Amet-khan Sultan, against the background of the 1944 deportation of the Crimean Tatars.
Among the reasons Abduraimov cited for his support of Russian control were the security of knowing that Crimea will be protected by a "strong, respected power" and a presidential decree making Crimean Tatar one of three state languages on the peninsula alongside Russian and Ukrainian.
It is worth mentioning that the former chairman of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar community and member of the Ukrainian Parliament, Mustafa Dzhemilev, has been banned from entering the Crimean peninsula until 2019.
The university's name, which derives from Crimean Tatar history, is scheduled to be changed.
The topics include the Habsburg defense system in Hungary against the Ottomans in the 16th century as a catalyst of military development in Central Europe, the Polish-Lithuanian army in the reign of King Stefan Bathory 1576-86, Russia in the international mercenary market in the early 17th century, the view from Remmal Khoja's History of Sahib Gerey Khan of Crimean Tatar long-range campaigns, the scientific revolution and generalship in the Habsburg army 1686-1723, and Ottoman military power in the 18th century.
George Balaklava Monastery open during the centuries of Crimean Tatar rule only to have it taken over by the Russians in the 1850s.
18) For the purposes of this study, Crimean Tatar experience is particularly significant.
We set up a conversation on Islam and tolerance involving student groups in Kyiv, a largely Crimean Tatar group in Crimea and a Fulbright alumna," he said.
Between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries the Golden Horde divided into numerous principalities, eventually becoming the separate ethnic groups known as the Crimean Tatar, Volga Tatar, Uzbek, Kazakh, and other peoples.