Crimean Tatar


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Crimean Tatar

 

the language of the Tatars who lived in the Crimea until 1944 and who now reside mainly in the Uzbek SSR.

Crimean Tatar belongs to the Kypchak group of Turkic languages. It is divided into three dialects—Northern (Steppe), Middle, and Southern (in accordance with the settlement areas of the Crimean Tatars in the past); the Southern dialect has been greatly influenced by Turkish. Certain special features of Crimean Tatar include (1) dropping of initial and final h (ava instead of hava, “air,” and saba instead of sabah, “morning”); (2) narrow vowel elision in initial or medial syllable position— (i)lyach, “medicine”; (u)sta, “master”; (u)razhay, k(i)rerim, “I will go in”; (3) genitive case forms of the first person singular and plural pronouns menim and bizim, respectively (instead of mening and bizing); and (4) the first person singular future tense form of negation -mam/-mem (yazmam, “I will not write”).

Historically, Crimean Tatar dates back to the period of decline of the Golden Horde (early 15th century). The oldest Crimean Tatar literary records date from the 17th century. The sub-dialects which evolved from the Cuman language constitute the nucleus of the modern Crimean Tatar literary language. Crimean Tatar used the Arabic alphabet until 1929 and the Latin alphabet until 1938; it has employed Russian script since 1938.

REFERENCES

Zaatov, O. Polnyi russko-tatarskii slovar’. Simferopol’, 1906.
Samoilovich, A. Opyt kratkoi krymsko-tatarskoi grammatiki. Petrograd, 1916.
Sevortian, E. V. “Krymsko-tatarskii iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
NYT MOSCOW Vedzhie Kashka, a diminutive 83-year-old Crimean Tatar activist who collapsed during a Russian security operation and died hours later, was buried Friday in a funeral ceremony that drew mourners from across Crimea.
BRUSSELS, Sept 28 (KUNA) -- The European Union (EU) condemned Thursday the two-year sentence handed to Crimean Tatar leader and Deputy Chair of Mejlis Ilmi Umerov by a court in Crimea yesterday.
Ahtem Cyigoz, the Deputy Chairman of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People, was detained in January 2015 for participating in a rally in support of the territorial integrity of Ukraine, which took place in front of the Supreme Council of the Crimea on February 26, 2014, and was accused of mass riots.
Crimean Tatar leader Ahtem Chiygoz was found guilty of stirring up mass disorder by calling street demonstrations in February 2014 against a referendum which later sealed Russia's seizure of the peninsula.
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Vozgrin paints on a broad canvas, and his colors admittedly are extreme: there is much light in Crimean Tatar culture on the threshold of its downfall, which he unfolds on 314 pages in the first part of the second volume.
com)-- On the eve of the day, commemorating the anniversary of the Crimean tatar genocide, Igor Iankovskyi, philanthropist and founder of the charitable foundation "The Initiative for the Future" met with Jamala - the Ukrainian winner of the "Eurovision Song Contest 2016," being of the Crimean Tatar origin herself.
Members of the Mejilis, the representative body of the Crimean Tatar minority community, and their supporters have been intimidated, harassed and jailed, often on dubious charges".
The authorities are trying to ban the Mejilis, which for 25 years has been in existence and represents the Crimean Tatar people," said Alim Aliev, co-founder of the group Crimea SOS, which has been assisting people seeking to relocate from Crimea.
As Germany's military campaign gradually lost momentum, Soviet troops reclaimed the Crimean peninsula on April 10, 1944 and imposed severe pressure on the Crimean Tatar population as a large number of Turks perished.
While the Mejlis is the largest Crimean Tatar organization, some smaller groups are happy Russia has taken the region under its wing.