Crimes Against the State

Crimes Against the State


in Soviet criminal law, the most grave crimes, transgressing against the most important interests of the Soviet state. Liability for crimes against the state is established by an all-Union law enacted Dec. 25, 1958.

Crimes against the state are divided into two groups: especially dangerous crimes and other crimes. Especially dangerous state crimes are acts or omissions aimed at overthrowing, undermining, or weakening the Soviet social and state system. They include high treason, espionage, terrorism, sabotage, wrecking, anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda, war propaganda, organizing activity for the purpose of committing especially dangerous state crimes, and participation in an anti-Soviet organization. Similar crimes directed against other socialist states are also punishable. Especially dangerous state crimes differ from other criminal offenses in their anti-Soviet intent, manifested in acts directed against the foundations of the Soviet system.

Crimes classified as other state crimes include a large group of acts that infringe on such political, economic, and other state interests as national and racial equality, the military strength of the USSR, the inviolability of the country’s borders, the foreign trade monopoly, the monetary and credit system, the normal operation of the railroads and water and air transport, and public security. Specific crimes include divulging state secrets or losing documents containing state secrets, illegally leaving or entering the USSR, violating international air regulations or safety regulations in public transportation, smuggling, making or disposing of counterfeit money or securities, violating currency regulations and speculating in currency, banditry, and mass disturbances. Most of these crimes involve intent, but the intent does not have a direct antistate orientation. Unlike especially dangerous state crimes, which are committed deliberately, many of the other state crimes can be committed either deliberately or through negligence, and some of them are committed only through negligence, such as the loss of documents containing state secrets.

Liability for state crimes arises at the age of 16, although liability for acts that may cause a train wreck ensues at age 14.

Different types and terms of punishment are established for state crimes, depending on the nature of the crime and the gravity of the harm caused. Especially dangerous state crimes, for example, banditry or speculation in currency or securities as an occupation or on a large scale, are punishable by deprivation of freedom for up to 15 years with confiscation of property or by death with confiscation of property.

References in classic literature ?
All crimes against the state, are punished here with the utmost severity; but, if the person accused makes his innocence plainly to appear upon his trial, the accuser is immediately put to an ignominious death; and out of his goods or lands the innocent person is quadruply recompensed for the loss of his time, for the danger he underwent, for the hardship of his imprisonment, and for all the charges he has been at in making his defence; or, if that fund be deficient, it is largely supplied by the crown.
On 1 March 2015, the Prosecutor for Crimes against the State, charged them under articles 21 (joint acts in execution of criminal conspiracy), 50 (undermining the constitutional system), 51 (waging war against the state), 53 (espionage against the country), 55 (disclosure and obtaining information and official documents), 64 (promoting hatred amongst or against sects), 69 (disturbance of the public peace), and 125 (insulting religious creeds) of the 1991 Sudanese Penal Code.
Espionage is one those crimes against the state subject to imprisonment sentences of up to 10 years.
Moad al-Hnesh, 34, has been held since April when he was charged with crimes against the state following the anti-war demonstration outside the House of Commons.
Moad al-Hnesh, 34, has been held behind bars since April when he was charged with crimes against the state following an anti-war protest outside the House of Commons.
Bae, 45, was sentenced to hard labour for 15 years in May for crimes against the state.
During Bae's sentencing however, which began on Tuesday, specifics about his crimes against the state were not explicitly revealed.
Bae, a Korean-American tourist, was detained and accused of unspecified crimes against the state.
The report repeated criticisms of Cuba's judicial system, saying it is not impartial, and also criticized the offense Gross was charged with, committing crimes against the state, as imprecise and vague.
He also made a statement if the Parliamentary Committee on National Security so desires, the name of Mansoor Ijaz could be put on the Exit Control List for crimes against the state," it added.
Last year, the six military chiefs involved in the coup were charged with having committed crimes against the state.
Forty-eight doctors and nurses who treated injured protesters have also been charged with crimes against the state and are being tried in a special security court.