Criminal Code

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Criminal Code


a codified legislative act establishing the foundations, conditions, and limits of criminal responsibility and providing for the punishment of crimes.

In the USSR the adoption of criminal codes is assigned to the Union republics. Between 1959 and 1961, criminal codes were adopted in all Union republics. The codes correspond to the Basic Principles of Criminal Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics of 1958 and to other all-Union criminal laws. They also reflect the national characteristics peculiar to the individual republics. The Criminal Code of the RSFSR was adopted on Oct. 27,1960, and put into effect on Jan. 1,1961.

The criminal codes of the Union republics are constructed within a uniform system and are divided into general and special parts. The general part of a criminal code covers its tasks and the bases of criminal responsibility; formulates the concept and basic characteristics of crime and the types of guilt and complicity in a crime; defines the purposes of punishment; and lists the kinds of punishment and the principles and procedure for the assignment of punishment and release from punishment. The special part of the criminal code contains an exhaustive list of socially dangerous acts recognized as criminal and punishable. Its articles list the most important characteristics of specific crimes (the formal element of the definition of the crime) and give the measures of punishment established for commission of the crimes.

References in classic literature ?
The criminal code of every country partakes so much of necessary severity, that without an easy access to exceptions in favor of unfortunate guilt, justice would wear a countenance too sanguinary and cruel.
I incline as little to the sickly feeling which makes every canting lie or maudlin speech of a notorious criminal a subject of newspaper report and general sympathy, as I do to those good old customs of the good old times which made England, even so recently as in the reign of the Third King George, in respect of her criminal code and her prison regulations, one of the most bloody-minded and barbarous countries on the earth.
If you make the criminal code sanguinary, juries will not convict.
There is language in Section 43 of the Canadian Criminal Code recognizing that parents or teachers can use 'reasonable' physical punishment in disciplining children.
Instead, a court or Review Board determines the appropriate disposition--an absolute discharge, a discharge with conditions or detention in hospital, based on several criteria set out in the Criminal Code.
A tour through the Criminal Code today also turns up crimes in categories relating to the public order (e.
Observations and comments on this issue have existed ever since the coming to force of the provisions of the 1968 Criminal Code.
In April, our columnist Rory Leiskman presented a historical overview of how Canada's Supreme Court has shifted the arguments over "indecency" in the Criminal Code away from community standards to judge-interpreted "harm," and from there to tae practical impossibility today of proving what harm is ("Swingers' clubs made lawful.
The Slovakian delegation, which also includes the country's chief criminal prosecutor and a leading law professor, will begin drafting a new Slovakian criminal code when they return home.
The first significant revision of the nation's criminal code since 1979, Thursday's changes reflect an effort by an authoritarian state to grapple with the new kinds of crimes that are emerging as China becomes a more open society, as well as to handle old crimes in a more professional way.
Tulloch, Superior Court of Justice of Canada, who has participated in numerous commissions including reviews on Civilian Oversight on Policing, Legal Aid Plan, and the Criminal Code Review
Acting Political Counselor of the US Jennifer Bosworth has made a statement on Kazakhstani Criminal Code, the press service of the US Embassy reported July 3.