(redirected from Criminal Complaint)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.


English law a statement by which a civil proceeding in a magistrates' court is commenced



in the USSR, the communication of a citizen (or a group of citizens) to a state or public organization in connection with the violation of a right or interest protected by law or in connection with the violation of the rights of a labor collective. According to the disciplinary code of the armed forces of the USSR, a complaint is a personal petition of a member of the armed forces in connection with the violation of his rights. At the same time, a complaint is one of the means of eliminating violations of legislation and a basis for raising the question of the responsibility of persons who have permitted these violations, bureaucratism, or red tape.

Soviet legislation on the procedure for action in a complaint or other communications submitted by citizens to state or social agencies calls for a timely and careful examination of each complaint and a proper resolution for it.

The Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of Apr. 12, 1968, On the Procedure for Examining the Proposals, Petitions, and Complaints of Citizens, sets forth the basic regulations for the examination and resolution of complaints. As a rule, a complaint is submitted to the agency or to the official directly supervising the agency (or the official) being the object of the complaint. In instances provided for by law, a complaint may be submitted to the people’s court, for example, a complaint in connection with the unlawful imposition of a fine. It is absolutely forbidden to forward complaints of citizens for consideration to the officials whose actions are appealed. The law requires that in resolving a complaint all necessary measures be taken to consider it in its essence, to assemble all documents and other materials, and to take a well-founded decision and ensure its timely and proper execution. The person who has made the declaration is informed of the decision taken, and, in the event of the dismissal of the complaint, he is notified of the reasons for the refusal.

The law provides for a time limit of up to one month for the consideration of a complaint. The complaints that do not require additional study or verification must be considered without delay or in any case not more than 15 days from the day the complaint is submitted to the competent agency. A shorter time limit is established for the consideration of complaints of members of the armed forces and their families.

Disciplinary responsibility of officials has been established in the event of violations of the procedure provided for by law for the consideration of complaints made by citizens. In instances when considerable damage has been done to state or social interests, when citizens’ rights have been infringed upon, or when the citizen who lodged the complaint has been persecuted, a criminal proceeding may be instituted against officials guilty of these acts.


References in periodicals archive ?
federal prosecutors, by filing a criminal complaint, lay claim to a legal basis to make an extradition request of the authorities in Hong Kong, the Post reported.
In 15 months, similar criminal complaints were filed against Pilipinas Shell, Phoenix Petroleum, Cross Country Oil, Oil Link and Filpride Resources.
The SESC will file a criminal complaint with the Tokyo District Public Prosecutors Office against the man in violation of the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act, the sources said.
There was no need for prior sanction even if a court decided to order investigation on a criminal complaint.
They also launched a criminal complaint accusing her of violating the children's privacy.
The regulator said it intends to file a criminal complaint against Laxey with the Swiss Federal Department of Finance, as required by that country's law.
Mr Skyner, from Aigburth, said the evidence he had was considered enough to make a criminal complaint by the support group Thalidomide UK.
For a homicide case, the package includes the crime report describing the officers arriving at the scene and the description of the crime scene; follow-up or continuation reports describing witnesses' statements; scientific reports; medical and coroner reports; laboratory results; certified copies of the death certificate, the charging document or criminal complaint, and the arrest warrant; and copies of the state penal code sections describing the violation and the definition of a peace officer for that state.
The Transport Ministry plans to file a criminal complaint against Mitsubishi Motors Corp.
A criminal complaint has been filed by a union of 50 non-governmental Mexican organizations, Greenpeace Mexico and the environmental organization Grupo de los Cien (Group of One Hundred) in response to the recent deaths of 50 gray whales off the coast of Baja California (see "A Sea of Troubles," cover story, January/February 1998).
The girlfriend of a professional football llayer filed a criminal complaint player filed a criminal complaint charging the athlete with sexual offense.
With reference to the criminal investigation pertaining to this litigation, AWMR confirms that a criminal complaint has been filed against Canopy Ecoterra and its President, Mr.