indictment

(redirected from Criminal charge)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.

indictment

(ĭndīt`mənt), in criminal lawcriminal law,
the branch of law that defines crimes, treats of their nature, and provides for their punishment. A tort is a civil wrong committed against an individual; a crime, on the other hand, is regarded as an offense committed against the public, even though only one
..... Click the link for more information.
, formal written accusation naming specific persons and crimes. Persons suspected of crime may be rendered liable to trial by indictment, by presentment, or by information. An indictment is issued by a grand jurygrand jury,
in law, body of persons selected to inquire into crimes committed within a certain jurisdiction. It usually comprises a greater number than the trial, or petit (also, petty) jury, having since early common law days had between 12 and 23 members.
..... Click the link for more information.
 when the jury's investigation is initiated by the public prosecutor's presentment of a bill of indictment. A presentment is an accusation issued by the grand jury on its own knowledge, without any bill of indictment having been previously drawn up by the prosecutor. An information is an accusation presented directly by the prosecutor without consideration by a grand jury. The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution safeguards the right to a preliminary hearing by a grand jury in major federal cases. It provides in effect that no person outside military service may be tried in a federal court for a capital "or otherwise infamous" (i.e., a felony) crime except on indictment or presentment. Fewer than half of the states similarly require grand jury action. When an indictment or presentment is approved, the foreman of the grand jury marks it "true bill." Indictments, presentments, and informations are similar to the plaintiff's complaint in a civil action (see procedureprocedure,
in law, the rules that govern the obtaining of legal redress. This article deals only with civil procedure in Anglo-American law (for criminal procedure, see criminal law).
..... Click the link for more information.
).

indictment

Criminal law
1. a formal written charge of crime formerly referred to and presented on oath by a grand jury
2. any formal accusation of crime
3. Scot a charge of crime brought at the instance of the Lord Advocate
References in periodicals archive ?
This raises the question whether bereaved families in such situations would want criminal charges necessarily investigated and explored.
which recently pleaded guilty to criminal charges of illegal marketing of Neurontin, its best-selling epilepsy drug.
Kern County prosecutors on Tuesday declined to seek criminal charges against an operator of an animal sanctuary after two chimpanzees escaped and mauled a West Covina couple.
LONDON/NEW YORK, Sha'ban 2, 1436, May 20, 2015, SPA -- Five of the world's biggest banks are expected to be hit with a combined bill of more than $5 billion and criminal charges on Wednesday in a settlement with U.
e question that prosecutors have to answer in this case is not whether the message was oensive, but whether it was so grossly oensive that criminal charges could be brought.
Documents submitted to the court showed he is unlikely to face criminal charges.
New York, Oct 26 (ANI): Former Indian American Goldman Sachs director Rajat Gupta will surrender to the FBI to face criminal charges related to an ongoing insider trading investigation.
Pursuant to this DPA, the government filed a criminal charge against the firm and KPMG admitted extensive wrongdoing, but the Justice Department agreed to "defer" prosecution of the case and to dismiss the charge if KPMG pays specified stiff penalties and implements certain new reforms and enhanced standards.
Bar members would have to report any criminal charge against them to the Bar under a proposed rule that is before the Board of Governors.
Under this Act, persons charged with sex offenses may be diverted before trial to a mental health program if a mental illness of at least one year's duration led to the criminal charge.
David Potter, prosecuting, told Judge Huw Daniel the prosecution had been `` extremely surprised'' that, although they had told immigration he was facing a criminal charge in the UK, he had nevertheless been deported.
I don't think it will be easy to prove criminal charges against our cricketers.