Francesco Crispi

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Crispi, Francesco

 

Born Oct. 4, 1818, in Ribera, Sicily; died Aug. 11, 1901, in Naples. Italian statesman and lawyer.

During the Risorgimento, Crispi participated in the revolution of 1848–49 and was a comrade in arms of Garibaldi in the expedition of “the Thousand.” After the unification of Italy he became a zealous supporter of the monarchy. In the 1880’s he was one of the leaders of the so-called left, a parliamentary group of the Italian bourgeoisie.

As prime minister (1887–91 and 1893–96), Crispi followed a severe antidemocratic course in his domestic policies—the reactionary 1889 law on public security, the bloody reprisals against insurgent peasants in Sicily and workers in Massa-Carrara in 1893–94, and the ban on the Socialist Party in 1894–95, for example. His foreign policy was marked by the strengthening of Italy’s ties with the other members of the Triple Alliance of 1882 and expansion into Africa, where the colonies in Somalia (1889) and Eritrea (1890) were begun; however, the failure of the at-tempt at conquest in Ethiopia (1896) and the “iron first” policy within Italy drove him out of politics.

V. S. BONDARCHUK

References in classic literature ?
But this tiny ripple of interest faded out in seventy-two hours, and the reporter-cubs proceeded variously to interest the public in the Alaskan husky dog that was half a bear, in the question whether or not Crispi Angelotti was guilty of having cut the carcass of Giuseppe Bartholdi into small portions and thrown it into the bay in a grain-sack off Fisherman's Wharf, and in the overt designs of Japan upon Hawaii, the Philippines, and the Pacific Coast of North America.
Luca Crispi (University College Dublin), undertake assiduous manuscript work.
Burglary suspect Caesar Cella, alias Charles Crispi, was undone by prints identified by detective Joseph Faurot.
97) Francesco Crispi, Italian premier 1887-1891, was convinced that Pope Leo would have moved to resolve the Roman Question, but did not do so because of Jesuit interference.
A woman named Crispi, from Utah, USA, used bacon in an attempt to burn down her ex-boyfriend's home.
Her main exhibits are parliamentary reports by Francesco Crispi and Leopoldo Franchetti and Pastrone's Cabiria (1914), a silent epic that celebrates the invasion of Libya of 1911 and represents colonial war as life-producing, a means to improve the Italian race as opposed to a confrontation between races.
These technologies work in concert with a laminated Crispi Air Mesh anti-odor activated charcoal insole, Vibram soles, and water-repellent Nubuck leather.
For 2013, Crispi Boots is introducing its newest technical hunting boot for both men and women.
CRISPI, Luca, 'Ausstellungen als "Work in Progress"/Exhibitions as "Work in Progress": James Joyce and Ulysses, National Library of Ireland, Dublin 2004-2006; The Life and Works of William Butler Yeats, National Library of Ireland, Dublin 2006-2010', in Bohnenkamp-Renken, Anne, & Vandenrath, Sonja, eds, Wort-Raume, Zeichen-Wechsel, Augen-Poesie: Zur Theorie und Praxis von Literaturausstellungen/Word-Spaces, Sign-Change, Eye-Poetry: On the Theory and Practice of Literature Exhibitions, Wallstein (Gottingen), pp.
Crispi F, Llurba E, Dominguez C, Martin-Gallan P, Cabero L, Gratacos E.
More recently, Crispi et al (77) compared MPM tissues from 9 patients to normal pleural tissues from patients undergoing resection for a nonneoplastic disease.