Cro-Magnon man

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Related to Cro-magnon: Neanderthal, Neanderthal man

Cro-Magnon man

(krō-măg`nən, –măn`yən), an early Homo sapiens (the species to which modern humans belong) that lived about 40,000 years ago. Skeletal remains and associated artifacts of the of the Aurignacian culture were first found in 1868 in Les Eyzies, Dordogne, France. Later discoveries were made in a number of caverns in the Dordogne valley, Solutré, and in Spain, Germany, and central Europe. Cro-Magnon man was anatomically identical to modern humans, but differed significantly from Neanderthals (see Neanderthal manNeanderthal man
or Neandertal man
, a species of Homo, the genus to which contemporary humans belong, known as H. neandertalensis after Neanderthal (now Neandertal), Germany, the valley where the first specimen was found.
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), who disappear in the fossil about 10,000 years after the appearance of Aurignacian and other upper Paleolithic populations (e.g. the Perigordian culture). The abrupt disappearance of Neanderthal populations and the associated Mousterian technologies, the sudden appearance of modern Homo sapiens (who had arisen earlier in Africa and migrated to Europe) and the associated upper Paleolithic technologies, and the absence of transitional anatomical or technological forms have led many researchers to conclude that Neanderthals were driven to extinction through competition with Cro-Magnon or related populations. Greater linguistic competence and cultural sophistication are often suggested as characteristics tilting the competitive balance in favor of upper Paleolithic groups. Finely crafted stone and bone tools, shell and ivory jewelry, and polychrome paintings found on cave walls all testify to the cultural advancement of Cro-Magnon man. See human evolutionhuman evolution,
theory of the origins of the human species, Homo sapiens. Modern understanding of human origins is derived largely from the findings of paleontology, anthropology, and genetics, and involves the process of natural selection (see Darwinism).
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Cro-Magnon Man


the general name for a race of man of the Upper Paleolithic. The name was derived from the grotto of Cro-Magnon in the department of Dordogne in France, where the French archaeologist and paleontologist L. Lartet discovered Cro-Magnon remains in 1868. From an anthropological point of view, Cro-Magnon man is a subspecies of modern man (Homo sapiens). In the specialized literature, the name “CroMagnon” is used only for those local groups of ancient inhabitants of Europe that resemble the man from the Cro-Magnon grotto in type. Cro-Magnon man is characterized by tall stature, long skull, and broad face with low orbits. The features of the Cro-Magnon anthropological type are observed in the population of much later eras up to the present (for example, the Guanches of the Canary Islands).


Roginskii, Ia. Ia., and M. G. Levin. Antropologiia. Moscow, 1963.
Nesturkh, M. F. Proiskhozhdenie cheloveka. Moscow, 1958. Pages 321–28.

Cro-Magnon man

[krō′mag·nən ′man]
A race of tall, erect Caucasoid men having large skulls; identified from skeletons found in southern France.
A general term to describe all fossils resembling this race that belong to the upper Paleolithic (35,000-8000 B.C.) in Europe.
References in periodicals archive ?
The magnificent Cro-Magnon art preserved on the walls deep in the narrow crawl spaces of French and Spanish caves have been interpreted as a means of ".
The humans who arrived in Europe during the Upper Palaeolithic era, Cro-Magnons or anatomically modern humans, replaced the Neanderthal populations.
Her husband, David Caldwell, makes the Cro-Magnon Croquet sets.
Two years in the making, this series also explores the arrival of humans, including the cave-dwelling Neanderthals and our distant ancestors, Cro-Magnon Man.
That was just three years ago but, as far as the club's players and fans are concerned, it may as well have been the Cro-Magnon age.
Compare the ruinous existence of many children growing up today in ghettos with the Cro-Magnon child's infinitely more attentive rearing--with more mothering and fathering, extended family, more wholesome diet, more exercise in unpolluted fields, forests, and lakes.
Our Cro-Magnon ancestors started it all, leaving behind innumerable megaliths, standing stones scattered around the region, some in thought-provokingly perfect formation, others plonked down haphazardly in curious isolation.
Just as some Neanderthals walked among Cro-Magnon man, so too do dying schools of literary criticism long overlap with ascendant ones.
I believe in plain, simple, Cro-Magnon ideas," says Kladney.
The relief is an art form that dates back to the first inscriptions by Cro-Magnon man on cave walls.
Cro (a Cro-Magnon boy) and Phil were friends a long time ago, and in this cartoon we get a peek at Cro's adventures during the Ice Age through Phil's eyes.
If 45,000 years ago Cro-Magnon man hadn't have looked at the brow of the hill and wondered what lay beyond, then we might all still be in a cave trying to stop the fire going out.