Croix de Feu(redirected from Croix-de-Feu)
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Croix de Feu
a militarized fascist organization in France during the period between the two world wars.
The Croix de Feu arose in late 1927 as an association of former frontline soldiers who had been awarded combat orders. It was financed by the reactionary perfume manufacturer F. Coty. The leader of the organization, Colonel F. de La Rocque, advocated the reconstruction of the state in an authoritarian spirit and advanced demagogic demands for social reform. The Croix de Feu had a strong, militarized organizational structure; it took an active part in the attempted fascist putsch in February 1934. It had a number of branches, including the National Volunteers and the Sons of the Croix de Feu. Dissolved by the Popular Front government’s decree of June 18, 1936, the organization was converted on July 11 into the French Social Party, which ceased to exist during World War II.