Samuel Crompton(redirected from Crompton, Samuel)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Crompton, Samuel: Edmund Cartwright
|Birthplace||10 Firwood Fold, Bolton, Lancashire, England|
Inventor, pioneer of the spinning industry
|Known for||Spinning mule|
Crompton, Samuel,1753–1827, English inventor of the mule spinner, or muslin wheel, an important step in the development of fine cotton spinning. Working as a young man in a spinning mill, he knew the defects of the Hargreaves jenny and determined to produce something better. After five years of secret work, he perfected (1779) a machine that combined the features of the jenny and Arkwright's frame and that, in one operation, by drawing, twisting, and winding the cotton, produced a very fine yarn. Crompton, however, was too poor to obtain a patent for his invention and sold his rights for £60. Later Parliament granted him £5,000.
Born Dec. 3, 1753, in Firwood, near Bolton, Lancashire; died June 26, 1827, in Bolton. English inventor in textile manufature.
Crompton was born into a peasant family engaged, in particular, in the textile trade. After losing his father at a young age, Crompton began to work as a spinner and weaver. In 1779 he invented the spinning mule, which played a large role in advancing the industry by spinning a finer thread than existing machines.