Cromwell, Richard


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Cromwell, Richard,

1626–1712, lord protector of England; third son of Oliver Cromwell. He was the eldest surviving son at the death of his father (Sept. 3, 1658), who had nominated him as his successor. Although he had served in Parliament and on the council of state, Richard lacked the energy and experience to manage complicated affairs of state. Army and Parliament struggled for power, and the army forced Richard to dismiss Parliament on Apr. 22, 1659. His Protectorate had actually collapsed, but it continued in name until May 25, when the Rump Parliament, which had reassembled itself, reestablished the Commonwealth. He lived abroad (1660–80) and later in England under an assumed name.

Bibliography

See biography by R. W. Ramsay (1935); study by E. M. Hause (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Josh Brolin, Elizabeth Banks, James Cromwell, Richard Dreyfuss, Scott Glenn, Toby Jones, Thandie Newton, Ioan Gruffudd.
This wacky detective story also stars Eileen Brennan, Maggie Smith, Nancy Walker, James Cromwell, Richard Narita and Truman Capote--yes the renowned author of In Cold Blood--as Lionel Twain the eccentric millionaire, who fed up with the magnificent five criminologists concocts a plan to humiliate the LFD at what they do best, which is solving crimes.