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(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Otherwise known as the Dark Goddess in Wicca. The (triple) Goddess corresponds to the three phases of the Moon: waxing, full, and waning. In her waxing phase, the Goddess is the Virgin, Maiden, and Warrior, in her full phase she is the Mother, and in the waning phase she is the Crone.

The Triple Goddess theme is found in many cultures. At Stymphalus, Greece, there was a temple dedicated to the three aspects of Hera, as maiden, mother and widow. The Roman goddess Carmenta formed three aspects with her younger sister Antevorta and her older sister Postvorta. The Morrigan of Ireland and Bhavani of the Hindu pantheon are other examples.

The Crone is often associated with Hecate of the Three Faces, and also with Kali the destroyer, Morgan Queen of the Ghostworld, and Kerridwen. Barbara Walker suggests that "crone" may have derived from Rhea Kronia, the Mother of Time.

The Crone also represents the third, post-menopausal, phase of a woman's life. According to Walker, "Because it was believed that women became very wise when they no longer shed the lunar `wise blood' but kept it within, the crone was usually a Goddess of Wisdom." Examples are Athene, Minerva and Medusa.

(See also Hag)

References in periodicals archive ?
Although a report found they could not have known drug-user Crone, who had a long history of mental illness, would go onto kill, the families of his victims called for the trust to make changes to the way they treat severely mentally ill patients.
Crone, now 29, of Rhodesia Road, Red House, Sunderland, was detained indefinitely at Rampton maximum security hospital in January 2005 after he admitted stabbing 25-year-old Ian Lawson 24 times, and hours later slashing 27-year-old Simon Richardson's throat with a razor blade.
On its face these requirements probably sound good to many people, but some prospective is needed," says Crone.
Sgt Michael Hall of Northumbria Police said: "A resident had been to pay Mr Crone a visit but his door was locked.
We can't actually be there and this is the closest we could be to be there,'' said Crone.
5 feet in length were drilled in the Crone Hill area.
Mr Crone said he was "certain" he told him about the "For Neville" email, which is thought to have been intended for reporter Neville Thurlbeck.
Disposing of the entire matter is a significant step for the Company and we are honored to have handled the matter for the Company successfully," commented Mark Crone of The Crone Law Group.
Crone and colleague Maya Tolstoy used optical plume velocimetry, a visual analysis technique, to determine the final number.
Tom Crone said he was certain he told Murdoch about an email which provided "clear evidence" that more than one journalist was involved in the scandal.
It is widely thought that the document -a transcript of hacked private information about Professional Footballers' Association chief executive Gordon Taylor - was intended for NOTW chief reporter Neville Thurlbeck, though Mr Crone told MPs that Mr Thurlbeck denied having seen it.
News of the World's former editor Colin Myler and legal manager Tom Crone told the culture, media and sport select committee they had informed James three years ago of a 'devastating' email proving phone hacking widespread at the organization, was not confined to a single "rogue reporter".