cross section

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cross section

1. Maths a plane surface formed by cutting across a solid, esp perpendicular to its longest axis
2. a section cut off in this way
3. Physics a measure of the probability that a collision process will result in a particular reaction. It is expressed by the effective area that one participant presents as a target for the other

Cross Section

 

in hydraulics, the cross section of a liquid stream (in a pipeline, channel, or river) perpendicular to the direction of the flow velocity. If the liquid motion is continuously changing, the cross section is taken as flat and equal to the cross section area of the flow.

cross section

[′krȯs ‚sek·shən]
(geology)
A diagram or drawing that shows the downward projection of surficial geology along a vertical plane, for example, a portion of a stream bed drawn at right angles to the mean direction of the flow of the stream.
An actual exposure or cut which reveals geological features.
(graphic arts)
A diagram or drawing representing a cut at right angles to an axis.
(mapping)
A horizontal grid system that is laid out on the ground for determining contours, quantities of earthwork, and so on, by means of elevations of the grid points.
(mathematics)
The intersection of an n-dimensional geometric figure in some euclidean space with a lower dimensional hyperplane.
A right inverse for the projection of a fiber bundle.
(physics)
An area characteristic of a collision reaction between atomic or nuclear particles or systems, such that the number of reactions which occur equals the product of the number of target particles or systems and the number of incident particles or systems which would pass through this area if their velocities were perpendicular to it. Also known as collision cross section.

cross section

A representation of a building, or portion thereof, drawn as if it were cut vertically to show its interior; often taken at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the building.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most highly-anticipated new features in Strater 4 are the abilities to display deviated logs in a cross section, display deviation paths on a map, and to create cross sections using line logs.
Impact Design Europe specializes in development of unique CAE software, Crash Cad Calculate (CCC), for design and optimization of thin walled cross sections of beams, and Visual Crash Studio (VCS) which was created for design and analysis of crashworthy structures.
Signaling cross sections open track (signal bridges, signaling sierungselement, signalization) 12 pieces
Georgia Tech's cross section values can now be used by scientists attempting to find water throughout the solar system and beyond.
Steep river canyons, sea cliffs and mountain sides, and roadcuts yield natural cross sections, but most cross sections are made by projecting surface features into the Earth.
The two exposed cross sections were then polished with 800-grit wet-dry sandpaper on a lapidary wheel to remove saw marks.
In that report the atomic photo effect cross sections of nine elements, Z= 28-50, were obtained and compared with the theoretical values.
It is possible to make certain assumptions that allow the drying time results for round cross sections to be expanded to include an approximation for square cross sections.
The most important is the shaping of internal passages, which can be of almost any arbitrary shape and with non-uniform cross sections.
Cross sections prepared by MicroCleaving are free of the artifacts often introduced by alternative techniques.
Thermodynamic equations that incorporate the quantum behavior of iron atoms under high pressures show that vibrations travel at a different speed across the hexagonal crystals' cross sections than along their axes, he notes.