Crotalaria


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Crotalaria

 

(rattlebox), a genus of plants of the family Leguminosae. They are perennial and, rarely, annual herbs, subshrubs, or shrubs. The leaves are entire, ternate, or, more rarely, palmate. The flowers, which are yellow (sometimes blue or purple), are in apical or axillary inflorescences; sometimes they are solitary. There are over 500 species, distributed in the tropics and subtropics, primarily in Africa.

Sunn (Crotalaria juncea), which is also known as sunn hemp and Indian hemp, is an ancient textile crop. It is cultivated primarily in India, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Vietnam, and Indonesia; it is also grown in Africa, Australia, and America. In the USSR it is cultivated in Transcaucasia and Middle Asia. Sunn is an annual plant, measuring up to 2.5 m tall; it has entire leaves, large yellow flowers, and extremely inflated, thickly pubescent pods. The fiber obtained from its stalks is used to manufacture string, rope, fishnets, burlap, and sails; in the USA it is also used in the manufacture of special types of paper. Sunn is a valuable green manure. Some other species of Crotalaria, such as C. retusa, are also cultivated for their fibers but are less significant.

REFERENCE

Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.

T. V. EGOROVA

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The variables Height and Dry mass of Crotalaria juncea did not show residual effect of levels of water salinity and nitrogen doses;
We have noted some of these above, particularly Cajanus, Crotalaria, Cucumis, and Piper.
Henceforth, we decided and conducted study to evaluate anti-inflammatory activity and establish scientific basis for the traditional uses of Crotalaria buriha root as antiinflammatory agent.
Acalypha subviscida Anagallis arvensis Ambrosia psilostachya Chloris virgata Chloris radiala Dactyloctenium Crotalaria pumila aegyptium Cyperus esculentus Digitaria temata Eclipta prostrata Eleusine indica Fleischmannia Euphorbia pycnnc.
Crotalaria mollicula Kunth (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae) (9 ex); El Bajio 2da seccion, Cardenas, 17[grados]58'22" N, 93[grados]20'53" W, 28/III/2007, col.
La crotalaria se sembro a chorro corrido sobre la hilera; la canavalia y la soya a 0,25 m y a 0,10 m respectivamente, sobre la hilera.
At least 20 species showed frequency around 90%, of which 3 species Ageratum conyzoides, Eichhornia crassipes, and Lantana Camara manifested frequency 99%, while distributions of Cynodon dactylon, Mikania indica, Parthenium hysterophorus, Crotalaria pallida and Cassia alata were >90%.
Solubilization and characterization of a senecionine N-oxygenase from Crotalaria scassellatii.
Prueba de infectividad: La autenticacion de los aislados se realizo en Macroptilium lathyroides (Siratro) (Bromfield & Barran 1990) y Crotalaria sp.
Antisickling activity and photodegradation effect of anthocyanins extracts from Alchornea cordifolia (Schumach & Thonn) and Crotalaria retusa.
Genera with the largest number of wild species were Dalea (28 species), Desmodium (16), Astragalus (13), Senna (13), Acacia (11, excluding two species currently included in Acaciella; Rico Arce and Bachman, 2006), Phaseolus (10), Crotalaria (9), and Lupinus (8); 24 genera had [greater than or equal to]3 species.