Croton


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Related to Croton: Codiaeum variegatum

Croton,

Italy: see CrotonaCrotona
, Croton,
or Kroton
, ancient city, S Italy, on the east coast of Bruttium (now Calabria), a colony of Magna Graecia founded c.708 B.C. There Pythagoras established his school, which exerted a notable political and moral influence.
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.

croton

(krō`tən), any of several species of Codiaeum that are widely cultivated as ornamentals and houseplants. The most popular species is C. variegatum, which has many cultivated forms of highly colored variegated leaves. Croton is also used as the common name for all species of the genus Croton, some of which are used as medicinals. These include C. tiglium, the source of croton oil, a purgative, and "sangre de grado," C. lechleri, an important folk medicine in western Amazonia. Both Croton and Codiaeum are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Euphorbiales, family Euphorbiaceae.

Croton

 

(modern Italian, Crotone), an ancient Greek city in southern Italy. It was founded at the end of the eighth century B.C. Pythagoras, who founded his school in Croton, lived there in the last third of the sixth century B.C. In 510 B.C., the inhabitants of Croton destroyed the wealthy neighboring city of Sybaris. During the Second Punic War (218–201 B.C.), Croton was occupied by Hannibal; it was later seized by Rome and turned into a Roman colony (194 B.C.).


Croton

 

a genus of plants of the family Euphorbiaceae. They are monoecious or dioecious trees and shrubs; some species are herbs. They have alternate leaves, which are almost always pubescent. The flowers are in apical or axillary racemes. There are over 700 species, distributed in the tropics and, less frequently, subtropics of both hemispheres. The purging croton (Croton tiglium) is widely known. It is a low evergreen tree or shrub, which grows in tropical Asia and is cultivated in many countries. Croton oil is obtained from its extremely poisonous seeds. The species C. eluteria and C. cascarilla are sources of cascarilla, a spicy, aromatic bark used in medicine. Several other species, including C. draco, yield valuable resins. Sometimes the species Codiaeum variegatum, an ornamental of the same family, is called croton.

References in periodicals archive ?
Phalacrococcus howertoni was initially collected (July 2008) from an infested croton plant in Homestead, FL.
Botanical families, species and voucher number of the plants used in this study Family Species Abbreviation Number Euphorbiaceae Croton campestris MECC #7095 Boraginaceae Cordia verbenacea MECV #044171 Lamiaceae Ocimum gratissimum MEOG #3978 Family Herbarium Euphorbiaceae UFRN Boraginaceae Prisco Bezerra-UFC Lamiaceae Dardano Andrade Lima-URCA Table II Diameter of Inhibition zones (mm) derived of light-mediated antimicrobial activity of methanol extracts from Croton campestris, Ocimum gratissimum and Cordia verbenaceae SA6538 UV- UV+ Enhancement (%) MECC 5 [+ or -] 0 8 [+ or -] 0 60 MEOG 5 [+ or -] 0 12 [+ or -] 2 140 MECV 5 [+ or -] 0 12 [+ or -] 0 140 NOR (a) 26 [+ or -] 1 35.
Above, Chris Croton at work at Britain Clockcase's Jewellery Quarter base.
The leaves of Croton sonderianus, commonly known as "marmeleiro preto", are used widely in Ceara folk medicine for the treatment of a wide range of clinical conditions (Matos, 1997, 1999).
2006) both indicate that Croton likely originated in the New World, possibly in South America or an area centered on the Caribbean basin.
Railroad vine was the dominant species in summer and fall and beach croton was the dominant in winter and spring (Table 6).
Chris Croton, Ron's son, is now managing director of the firm which also receives commissions for military awards.
Community involvement: A lot of writing on behalf of the Croton Council On The Arts, which is a community organization in Croton-on-Hudson, where I live.
Water from the city's heavily developed Croton watershed will have to be filtered.
Centuries ago in Ancient Greece, Milo of Croton trained for the Greek Olympics by hoisting a baby bull upon his shoulders and walking up and down a hill until exhausted.
Executive producer Piers Croton said: "It was a game of passion and commitment.
Airy Road South, Croton on Hudson, NY 10520) is a poet living in New York.