Crozet Islands


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Crozet Islands

 

a group of rocky volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean (46°S lat. and 50°–52°E long.), located on the underwater Crozet Plateau. The Crozet Islands belong to France. Area, more than 300 sq km. The largest island is He de la Possession (area, approximately 150 sq km). The islands are composed primarily of basalts; elevation reaches 954 m (He de la Possession). The Crozets were discovered in 1772 by the French expedition of N. Marion Dufresne and were named after an officer on one of the ships. The French founded Port Alfred scientific station on He de la Possession in 1962 to make systematic meteorological and geophysical observations.

References in periodicals archive ?
To test an alternative, researchers sent a remote-controlled rover into penguin colonies in Antarctica and the Crozet Islands.
But there they were, stranded on Ile de la Possession in the Crozet Islands, waiting for rescue.
Tsunami watch in effect for the entire Indian Ocean region, Africa, Asia after massive earthquake hit Sumatra The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii issued an urgent tsunami watch for coastal regions in Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Myanmar, Thailand, Maldives, United Kingdom, Malaysia, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles, Pakistan, Somalia, Oman, Madagascar, Iran, Uae, Yemen, Comores, Bangladesh, Tanzania, Mozambique, Kenya, Crozet Islands, Kerguelen Islands, South Africa, Singapore.
The team conducted their experiment in 2004-2005 on the seas around the Crozet Islands and Plateau at the northern boundary of the Southern Ocean, about 1,400 miles (2,200 kilometers) southeast of South Africa.
These results are now set to be compared with 50 wild penguins, who are being fitted with heart rate monitors when they come on land to breed in the Crozet Islands, in the southern Indian Ocean, 1,500 miles north of the Antarctic.
In late 2004 and early 2005, a similar study near the Crozet Islands southeast of South Africa further demonstrated that natural algal blooms result in only modest carbon sequestration.