Cuban Missile Crisis


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Cuban Missile Crisis,

1962, major cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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 confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. In response to the Bay of Pigs InvasionBay of Pigs Invasion,
1961, an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles, supported by the U.S. government. On Apr. 17, 1961, an armed force of about 1,500 Cuban exiles landed in the Bahía de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs) on the south coast of Cuba.
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 and other American actions against Cuba as well as to President KennedyKennedy, John Fitzgerald,
1917–63, 35th President of the United States (1961–63), b. Brookline, Mass.; son of Joseph P. Kennedy. Early Life

While an undergraduate at Harvard (1936–40) he served briefly in London as secretary to his father, who was
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's build-up in Italy and Turkey of U.S. strategic nuclear forces with first-strike capability aimed at the Soviet Union, the USSR increased its support of Fidel CastroCastro, Fidel
(Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz) , 1926–2016, Cuban revolutionary, premier of Cuba (1959–76), president of the Council of State and of the Council of Ministers (1976–2008).
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's Cuban regime. In the summer of 1962, Nikita KhrushchevKhrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich
, 1894–1971, Soviet Communist leader, premier of the USSR (1958–64), and first secretary of the Communist party of the Soviet Union (1953–64).
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 secretly decided to install nuclear-armed ballistic missiles in Cuba. When U.S. reconnaissance flights revealed the clandestine construction of missile launching sites, President Kennedy publicly denounced (Oct. 22, 1962) the Soviet actions. He imposed a naval blockade on Cuba and declared that any missile launched from Cuba would warrant a full-scale retaliatory attack by the United States against the Soviet Union. On Oct. 24, Russian ships carrying missiles to Cuba turned back, and when Khrushchev agreed (Oct. 28) to withdraw the missiles and dismantle the missile sites, the crisis ended as suddenly as it had begun. The United States ended its blockade on Nov. 20, and by the end of the year the missiles and bombers were removed from Cuba. The United States, in return, pledged not to invade Cuba, and subsequently, in fulfillment of a secret agreement with Khrushchev, removed the ballistic missiles placed in Turkey.

Bibliography

See E. R. May and P. D. Zeilkow, The Kennedy Tapes: Inside the White House During the Cuban Missile Crisis (1997); R. F. Kennedy, Thirteen Days (1969, repr. 1971); A. Chayes, The Cuban Missile Crisis (1974); R. Garthoff, Reflections on the Cuban Missile Crisis (1989); A. Fursenko and T. Naftali, "One Hell of a Gamble" (1997); M. Frankel, High Noon in the Cold War (2004); M. Dobbs, One Minute to Midnight (2008); S. M. Stern, The Cuban Missile Crisis in American Memory (2012).

Cuban missile crisis

President Kennedy called Krushchev’s bluff, forcing dismantling of missile sites (1962). [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 581–582]
See: Test
References in periodicals archive ?
Each of these chapters is followed by an explanation of the Cuban missile crisis that uses the previous conceptual lens, taking into account new historical evidence now available.
The second title from Osprey is called Blue Moon over Cuba: Aerial Reconnaissance during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Roger Donaldson's ennobled melodrama 13 Days shakes in its boots for President Kennedy's Cuban Missile Crisis, but it's smart enough to keep the Camelot trumpet-blowing to a minimum.
With John Goodman having a great time impersonating '50s/'60s movie schlockmeister William Castle opening a new horror flick in South Florida during the Cuban Missile Crisis (it's "Mant--Half Man, Half Ant"; bits are featured in Matinee proper, but the video will include the complete, 20-minute version shot for continuity), you get A-bomb radiation coming at you from both sides.
The Fire-Eaters is about Bobby Burns, a boy growing up in a seaside community near Newcastle at the time of the Cuban missile crisis.
And think of Jack Kennedy dealing with his greatest challenge, the Cuban missile crisis, constantly probing his colleagues for information and advice.
First, he recalled the condition of the world at that time when, "in the wake of events like the erection of the Berlin Wall (1961), and the Cuban missile crisis (1962), the road to a world of peace, justice, and freedom seemed blocked.
They have a short memory for, had they thought back a few years, they would have remembered the 1963 Cuban missile crisis and several other similar events where US satellite photographs very conveniently showed the sort of evidence the US government required to support its then case.
He survived two major confrontations shortly after coming to power - the ill-fated Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961, when a force of 1,300 Cuban exiles, supported by the CIA, staged a doomed landing on the island and the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 that ended with Khrushchev agreeing to remove Soviet missiles from the island after President Kennedy's naval blockade.
So we make big budget movies about Pearl Harbor and the Cuban Missile Crisis but none about My Lai or the killing of Korean civilians at No Gun Ri.
The author's coverage of the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis comes late in the narrative, but provides a cogent, detailed description of this tenuous time.