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(Cubanos), a nation (natsiia, nation in the historical sense); the principal population of the Republic of Cuba. There are about 8.2 million Cubans (1970, estimate). They speak Spanish distinguished by local characteristics, such as words of West Indian and African derivation and abbreviated variants of Spanish words. Most of the believers are Catholics, but there are also some Protestants and adherents of various Afro-Christian syncretic cults.

From an anthropological point of view, the Cubans are a heterogeneous people, for they include representatives of the Caucasoid and Negroid races, as well as mulattoes. Cubans are descended from Spanish settlers who intermingled with Negro slaves, most of whom were imported from West Africa, between the 16th and 19th centuries. Aboriginal Indians also mixed with these groups in the initial phase of the formation of the Cuban people, but by the mid-16th century they had been almost completely exterminated by the Spanish colonialists. Important stages in the national consolidation of the Cubans were the Thirty Years’ War of National Liberation (1868–98), the Revolution of 1933, and the Popular Revolution of 1959, which later developed into a socialist revolution. The Cubans are becoming a socialist nation (natsiia).

Most of the Cubans are engaged in agriculture (the principal crop is sugarcane). There is some industry. Cuban folk culture —particularly music and dance—combines Spanish and African elements.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
Mokhnachev, M. I. “Stanovlenie sotsialisticheskoi natsii na Kube.” In the collection Natsii Latinskoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1964.
Chain, C. Formatión de la natióon cubana. Havana, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
Al-Otaibi said that such unilateral action taken by the US has not only done harm to the Cuban economy, but also to the well-being of the Cuban people and Cuban nationals living in other countries; thus creating unnecessary economic hardship for them.
This is one big step for the Cuban people and a giant leap for the mankind," said Mr.
Just as we have stood on the right side of history against the repression of other totalitarian regimes, we owe the Cuban people more time so we can get it right and not worsen their situation.
We hope for meaningful improvements in the lives of the Cuban people and will follow any changes with great interest.
Dave Seleski, the bank's president and chief executive, said, 'We hope this is the initial step to normalise banking ties between the two countries, which will benefit American companies wanting to do business in Cuba, as well as the Cuban people.
While the Cuban regime isolates itself, the Cuban people continue to act with dignity, honor, and courage.
This book came about as a result of the British author living in Havana and frustrated at the mainstream guide books, the poor and misleading internet travel blogs, as well as being genuinely disheartened by the defamatory organised smear campaigns against the Cuban people and their achievements.
The secretary of the France-Cuba Friendship Association, Dominique Leduc, recalled that, during the 1953 trial, Fidel exposed the oppression and poverty and many other problems that affected the Cuban people at the time and he turned from defendant to prosecutor of the dictatorship that then ruled the nation.
We have tried to make overtures that were good for the Cuban people, you know, loosening up remittances from family members, loosening up travel for family members back to Cuba, because our view has been that that empowers civil society inside of Cuba," he told Telemundo.
Loae al-Uoji, Garcia expressed Cuban people and students solidarity with Syria in its war against terrorism.
Today's announcement takes us one step closer to replacing out of date policies that were not working and puts in place a policy that helps promote political and economic freedom for the Cuban people," said Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew in a statement.
He said he believes under the sound leadership of the CPC, led by President Raul Castro and leader Fidel Castro, the Cuban people will record greater achievements in their revolutionary cause.