Cucurbitaceae


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Related to Cucurbitaceae: Solanaceae, Fabaceae, Poaceae

Cucurbitaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants including climbing and trailing herbs and, less commonly, subshrubs. The genus Dendrosicyos, which is found on the island of Socotra, consists of treelike forms. Cucurbitaceae are monoecious or dioecious. The flowers are usually unisexual and sympetalous; they are almost always regular and most often pentamerous. The fruit is usually a many-seeded berry or pepo. (The outer layer of the pericarp of a pepo is hard and coarse; the inner layer is fleshy and juicy.)

There are more than 100 genera, embracing about 900 species. They are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. The USSR has eight or nine species, belonging to six genera (including Bryonia and Ecballium). There are more than 15 species in cultivation. Many have edible fruits— cucumbers, muskmelons, pumpkins, and watermelons. The Cucurbitaceae also include the calabash gourd, the dishcloth gourd, and the colocynth. Some genera are medicinal plants (for example, Bryonia), and some are ornamentals (for example, Thladiantha and Momordica).

REFERENCES

Aleshina, L. A. “Palinologicheskie dannye k sistematike i filogenii semeistva Cucurbitaceae Juss.” In Morfologiia pyl’tsy Cucurbitaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Cornaceae. Leningrad, 1971.
Jeffrey, C. “On the Classification of the Cucurbitaceae.” Kew Bulletin, 1966, vol. 20, no. 3.
References in periodicals archive ?
It attacks a wide variety of Cucurbitaceae, including several commercially-grown crops (White 2006).
3000 BC Shaxia, rice and Cucurbitaceae earliest Neolithic Hong Kong phytoliths, one rice layer grain c.
A long, slender, dark green variety of summer squash belong to the cucurbitaceae family of the genera cucurbita pepo, zucchini, in shape and size, resembles a cucumber.
Cucurbitaceae Clark, Maxwell 3355; Floyd, Maxwell 3347 Mentha x rotundifoia (L.
We covered the pumpkin pie last year and this vegetable, from the cucurbitaceae family, also makes excellent soup.
Ten thousand-year-old Cucurbitaceae seeds in one cave, Guila Naquitz, are considered to be the earliest known evidence of domesticated plants in the continent, while corn cob fragments from the same cave are said to be the earliest documented evidence for the domestication of maize.
In most groups, the decrease in the index for crops like vegetables and Cucurbitaceae, which use chemical inputs more than other crop, was higher than other products.
which belongs to the same family Cucurbitaceae as the concentration of phosphorous application increased.
In Cucurbitaceae, conspicuously monosymmetric flowers are restricted to the oil flowers of Momordica and Thladiantha (Vogel, 1990).
org), a gene bank for the Cucurbitaceae family that is used by researchers around the world.