Cucurbitaceae

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Cucurbitaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants including climbing and trailing herbs and, less commonly, subshrubs. The genus Dendrosicyos, which is found on the island of Socotra, consists of treelike forms. Cucurbitaceae are monoecious or dioecious. The flowers are usually unisexual and sympetalous; they are almost always regular and most often pentamerous. The fruit is usually a many-seeded berry or pepo. (The outer layer of the pericarp of a pepo is hard and coarse; the inner layer is fleshy and juicy.)

There are more than 100 genera, embracing about 900 species. They are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. The USSR has eight or nine species, belonging to six genera (including Bryonia and Ecballium). There are more than 15 species in cultivation. Many have edible fruits— cucumbers, muskmelons, pumpkins, and watermelons. The Cucurbitaceae also include the calabash gourd, the dishcloth gourd, and the colocynth. Some genera are medicinal plants (for example, Bryonia), and some are ornamentals (for example, Thladiantha and Momordica).

REFERENCES

Aleshina, L. A. “Palinologicheskie dannye k sistematike i filogenii semeistva Cucurbitaceae Juss.” In Morfologiia pyl’tsy Cucurbitaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Cornaceae. Leningrad, 1971.
Jeffrey, C. “On the Classification of the Cucurbitaceae.” Kew Bulletin, 1966, vol. 20, no. 3.
References in periodicals archive ?
cantalupensis) in the summer and cucumber parthenocarpic in any season are the most-widely cultivated cucurbits in plastic greenhouses in these regions.
TIP OF THE WEEK: A local native plant known as wild cucumber or manroot (Marah fabaceous) is thought to be the ancestor of the cultivated cucurbits.
Agricultural Research Service, Madison, Wisconsin -- $250,000 to study gene flow from transgenic cucurbits to the wild.
Biotechnology of cucurbits, Biotechnology of pepper, Biotechnology of eggplant, Biotechnology of legumes, Biotechnology of bulky organs (carrots, sweet potatoes, allium species), Biotechnology of leafy vegetables (cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, lettuce, spinach) and asparagus, Conclusions and future trends
market under two trade names: "TAVANO[TM] 5%SC Fungicide" for use on grapes and small fruits including strawberries, and "OSO[TM] 5%SC Fungicide" for use on citrus, cucurbits, fruiting and leafy vegetables, potatoes and numerous other crops.
A good rotation might be solinaceous plants (eggplants, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes) one year; cucurbits (cucumbers, melons, pumpkins, squash) the next; corn the next; legumes (beans, peas) the next; cole crops (broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower) after that; and finally, salad crops (carrots, lettuce).
Right now we have growers in the Imperial Valley using PFR-97 to control whitefly on vegetables and cucurbits," Silva said.
has awarded the first registration of NIMITZ globally with approved crop uses on cucurbits, including cucumbers, watermelons, pumpkins and squash, and fruiting vegetables, such as tomatoes, peppers and eggplants.
The name 'pumpkin' is commonly used for cucurbits of some species, similar in botanical characteristics.
It is grown round the year in Bangladesh and has the longest storability among all the cucurbits.
Cucurbits, solanaceae and legumes are all susceptible to this mold so testing the water source for the oospores that cause Phytophthora is highly recommended as well as not over-irrigating and controlling field drainage so as to not infect a neighboring field.
He underlined that in Mauritius the annual production of cucurbits is around