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Cuenca(kwĕng`kä), city (1990 pop. 194,981), alt. c.8,000 ft (2,440 m), capital of Azuay prov., S central Ecuador. Founded in 1557, Cuenca is in one of the richest agricultural basins of the Ecuadorian Andes and is the commercial center of S Ecuador. The chief industry is the weaving of Panama hats. Although isolated from the north and the coast until roads were cut through the Andes in the 1950s, the city has modernized in recent years and tourism is on the increase. Cuenca is known as the "marble city" because of its many fine buildings, including the cathedral, government palace, and two universities.
Cuenca,city (1990 pop. 43,209), capital of Cuenca prov., E central Spain, in Castile–La Mancha, at the confluence of the Huécar and Júcar rivers, c.3,000 ft (910 m) above sea level. This historic town retains its medieval character in the narrow streets, clustered houses, and bridges; the modern, industrial section (timber trade, furniture, pottery, paper, leather) extends onto the Huécar plain. The city is known for the spectacular sight of its houses projected above the abyss of the Huécar river. It was taken (1177) from the Moors by Alfonso VIII of Castile. Cuenca was badly damaged in the Peninsular WarPeninsular War,
1808–14, fought by France against Great Britain, Portugal, Spanish regulars, and Spanish guerrillas in the Iberian Peninsula. Origin and Occupation
..... Click the link for more information. and the Second Carlist War (see CarlistsCarlists,
partisans of Don Carlos (1788–1855) and his successors, who claimed the Spanish throne under the Salic law of succession, introduced (1713) by Philip V. The law (forced on Philip by the War of the Spanish Succession to avoid a union of the French and Spanish
..... Click the link for more information. ). It has a notable Gothic cathedral (begun 12th cent.) and museums of abstract art, natural history, and science. Nearby is the Ciudad Encantada [enchanted city], a fantastic labyrinth of eroded rocks.
a city in Ecuador, administrative center of Azuay Province. Located in an Andean valley at an altitude of nearly 2,600 m, on the Pan-American Highway. Population, 77,300 (1970). An important economic center in the Andes. There are textile and food enterprises; Panama hats are produced for export by handicraft industry. The city has a university. Cuenca was founded in 1557.