Cultural Anthropology Societies

Cultural Anthropology Societies

 

public scientific organizations that conduct research in the field of cultural anthropology.

Prerevolutionary Russia and the USSR. The Russian Geographic Society, founded in St. Petersburg in 1845, included a division of ethnography. The Society of Lovers of Natural Science, Anthropology, and Ethnology was established at Moscow University in 1864. The Society for Archaeology, History, and Ethnography was founded at the University of Kazan in 1878. Since the October Revolution of 1917, research in cultural anthropology has been carried on primarily at scientific institutions.

Other countries. A list, by country, of leading societies whose research deals wholly or in part with cultural anthropology follows.

Argentina

Argentine Anthropological Society (Buenos Aires, founded 1936)

Australia

Association of Social Anthropologists of the British Commonwealth, Australian Branch (Canberra)

Austria

Ethnographic Association (Vienna, founded 1894)

Austrian Ethnologic Society (Vienna, founded 1957)

Belgium

Belgian Royal Society of Anthropology and Prehistory (Brussels, founded 1882)

Brazil

Brazilian Anthropological Association (Sao Paulo)

Canada

Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association (headquarters in Montreal)

Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovak Ethnographic Society of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences (headquarters in Prague, founded 1893)

Slovak Ethnographic Society of the Slovak Academy of Sciences (headquarters in Bratislava)

Denmark

Danish Ethnographic Society (Copenhagen)

Finland

Finnish Literature Society (Helsinki, founded 1831)

France

Anthropological Society of Paris (founded 1859)

Germany, Federal Republic of

German Society of Ethnography (Cologne)

Geography and Ethnology Society (Bonn, founded 1910)

Great Britain

Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (London, founded 1843)

Greece

Historical and Ethnologic Society (Athens, founded 1883)

Hungary

Hungarian Ethnographic Society (Budapest, founded 1889)

Italy

Society of Italian Ethnography (Rome, founded 1911)

Japan

Japanese Ethnographic Society (founded 1942)

Anthropological Society of Japan (Tokyo, founded 1884)

Mexico

Mexican Society of Anthropology (Mexico City, founded 1937)

New Zealand

Polynesian Society (Wellington, founded 1892)

Poland

Polish Ethnographic Society (Wroclaw, founded 1895)

Portugal

Portuguese Anthropological and Ethnographic Society (Porto, founded 1918)

Spain

Spanish Society of Anthropology, Ethnography, and Prehistory (Madrid, founded 1921)

Switzerland

Swiss Ethnographic Society (Basel, founded 1896)

USA

American Anthropological Association (headquarters in Washington, D.C.; founded 1902)

Yugoslavia

Ethnographic Union of Yugoslavia (headquarters in Belgrade and divisions in the republics)

There are three organizations that act as clearing houses for cultural anthropology institutions and societies and organize international congresses and conferences: the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences; the International Society for Ethnology and Folklore, located in Rumania; and the International Standing Commission for an Ethnologic Atlas of Europe and Adjacent Countries, with coordinating centers in Zagreb and Bonn.

S. I. BRUK

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