culture-specific syndrome

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culture-specific syndrome

[¦kəl·chər spə¦sif·ik ′sin‚drōm]
(psychology)
Any form of disturbed behavior that is specific to a certain cultural system and does not conform to western classification of diseases.
References in periodicals archive ?
Washington, July 8 (ANI): Brown University political scientist Ross Cheit has challenged two Harvard University psychiatrists' claims that the controversial psychiatric disorder called dissociative amnesia, aka repressed memory, is not a natural neuropsychological phenomenon, but instead a culture-bound syndrome, dating from the nineteenth century.
Heart disease and the cultural construction of time: the Type A behaviour pattern as a Western culture-bound syndrome, Cecil G.
There is also information on cultural expectations for professional dress codes, acceptable interactions between men and women, and culture-bound syndromes.
There are many culture-bound syndromes, for example, some of which are mentioned in the classification systems, and more new ones are fast emerging.
Some of the most common culture-bound syndromes described among Latinos include empacho (stomach ailment), susto (fright), caida de mollera (fallen fontanelle), mal de ojo (evil eye), bilongo/hechizo (hex), ataques de nervios (attack of the nerves), and envidia (envy) (Spicer, 1977; Trotter, 1981).
Anthropologists have demonstrated that culture-bound syndromes such as semen depletion (Bottero, 1991; Herdt, 1997) or erectile dysfunction (Inhorn, 2002a; Potts, 2000) depend not only on culturally specific understandings of human reproductive physiology, but also on a phallocentric perspective on human sexuality that de-emphasizes other forms of male sexual expression and pleasure.
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