Cumans

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Cumans

or

Kumans

(both: ko͞o`mänz), nomadic East Turkic people, identified with the Kipchaks (or the western branch of the Kipchaks) and known in Russian as Polovtsi. Coming from NW Asian Russia, they conquered S Russia and Walachia in the 11th cent., and for almost two centuries warred intermittently with the Byzantine Empire, Hungary, and Kiev. They founded a nomadic state in the steppes along the Black Sea, and were active in commerce with Central Asia and Venice. In the early 12th cent. the main Cuman forces were defeated by the Eastern Slavs. The Mongols decisively defeated the Cumans c.1245. Some were sold as slaves, and many took refuge in Bulgaria and also in Hungary, where they were gradually assimilated into the Hungarian culture. Others joined the khanate of the Golden Horde (also called the Western Kipchaks), which was organized on the former Cuman territory in Russia.
References in periodicals archive ?
It would be useful to show why we have Cuman loans from this period, but not Alan ones.
Created by the invading populations, especially of the Cuman one, the first type of civil organization of the Romanians was taken over and used by the autochthon aristocracy in its working related relations offered to the agrarian communities of origin, immediately after warding off the nomadic conquerors.
13) Se hyra, seoe nis riht hyrde, he gesihd pone wulf cuman, and he forlaet oa scep and flyho; and se wulf sum gelaeco and oa oore tostenco
He added: "No one wore balaclavas at this event at which the centenary of Cuman na mBan was marked and women carried flags from the four provinces of Ireland.
Ananda Parks 2 0 6, Latisha Johnson 1 0 2, Nicole Romero 3 2 10, Jackie Barry 1 0 2, Cassie Boddie 2 3 7, Jillian Fanelli 1 0 2, Cuman 1 1 3.
pa baed he da aeldeodigan weras de on cuman hiwe him mid wunodon.
Helen Catholic Church in Junction City for Charles Rissberger D Cuman of Eugene, who died July 28 of age-related causes.
scoparium, Eragrostis lovegrass) and entire dicots (Acalypha radians cardinal's feather, Croton, Ambrosia psilostachya Cuman ragweed) representative of diets in summer, and monocots (roots and tops of Panicum oligosanthes Heller's rosette grass, S.
pseudopunctipennis female specimens were analyzed: 24 from Salta (localities: Parque Nacional El Rey, El oculto and Aguas Blancas), 41 from Jujuy (INTA Yuto and Lagunita Yuto), 51 from Tu cuman (Iltico, Dique El Molino, Quebrada de Lules, Potrero Las Tablas, El Cadillal, Arroyo Molle Yaco, Arroyo Hornillo and La Sala) and 57 from Bolivia (Parque Nacional Carrasco and Taruma) (Table 1).
Cuman masalahnya saya nggak tau But I don't have any other way lagi caranya yakinin penumpang to explain it to my passenger.
Juarez de Souza (1), Carlos Alexandre Molena-Fernandes (1), Marcia Regina Batista (1), Francisco Pereira Silva (2), Ciomar Aparecida Bersani-Amado (1) e Roberto Kenji Nakamura Cuman (1) *
thorn]urh rumne sefan hu he frod ond god gyf him edwenden bealuwa bisigu Ic [thorn]aes Hro[eth]gar maeg raed gelaeran, feond oferswy[eth]e[thorn]-- aefre scolde bot eft cuman.