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county (1991 pop. 486,900), 2,635 sq mi (6,826 sq km), extreme NW England. The county stretches from the Morecambe Bay to Soloway Firth along the Irish Sea coast. It includes the Lake DistrictLake District,
region of mountains and lakes, c.30 mi (50 km) in diameter, Cumbria, NW England. It includes the Cumbrian Mts. and part of the Furness peninsula. The district comprises 15 lakes, among them Ullswater, Windermere, Derwentwater, and Bassenthwaite; several beautiful
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, comprised of a series of volcanic rock and slate mountain peaks and lake-filled valleys. It also includes the Carlisle plain and the Eden and Kent river valleys. The county is divided into six administrative districts: Allerdale, Barrow-in-Furness, Carlisle, Copeland, Eden, and South Lakeland. Tourism, sheep farming, salmon fishing, and mineral extraction are the primary industries. The area has been occupied by humans since the Neolithic Period. Northern Cumbria vacillated between Scottish and English rule until the mid-10th cent., when it was wrested from the Scots in 1157. The Lake District was home to poets such as William WordsworthWordsworth, William,
1770–1850, English poet, b. Cockermouth, Cumberland. One of the great English poets, he was a leader of the romantic movement in England. Life and Works

In 1791 he graduated from Cambridge and traveled abroad.
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, Samuel Taylor ColeridgeColeridge, Samuel Taylor,
1772–1834, English poet and man of letters, b. Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire; one of the most brilliant, versatile, and influential figures in the English romantic movement.
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, and Robert SoutheySouthey, Robert
, 1774–1843, English author. Primarily a poet, he was numbered among the so-called Lake poets. While at Oxford he formed (1794) a friendship with Coleridge and joined with him in a plan for an American utopia along the Susquehanna River that was never
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. The Lake District National Park is located in Cumbria.


(since 1974) a county of NW England comprising the former counties of Westmorland and Cumberland together with N Lancashire: includes the Lake District mountain area and surrounding coastal lowlands with the Pennine uplands in the extreme east. Administrative centre: Carlisle. Pop.: 489 800 (2003 est.). Area: 6810 sq. km (2629 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
But the Cumbrians hit back in the 29th minute when Price slotted home from 12 yards before Richard Keogh, Evan Horwood and Gary Madine missed fine chances to grab a winning goal after the break.
The kick-off was delayed 95 minutes after the Aspatria coach broke down on the motorway and the first-half was of little significance with Luke Thompson kicking two penalties for the Blues and Kristian Borthwick one for the Cumbrian visitors.
After the break Shrewsbury pushed men forward in numbers but the Cumbrians rode their luck, an injury-time goal-line clearance from Mark Birch goal-line clearance denying Shrewsbury the point they deserved.
Marwood gave Town the lead with a second-minute penalty - but tries from Adrian Belle, John Clarke and Paul Atcheson looked to have ripped the heart out of the Cumbrians.
Together with Cumbrian Colt centre Sandy Kerridge and number eight Mike Raine, they gathered seven tries and five conversions to show Pentrith's intentions of going up.
The Cumbrians boss has plenty of respect for former Newcastle United and Sunderland midfielder Clark, too.
Disappointed Cumbrians manager Gregg Abbott said: "If we had won by 3-1 or 4-1, I don't think Exeter could have complained.
The Cumbrians conjured out an 86th minute decider when Dobie sent a downward header past the diving keeper.
Cumbrians manager Greg Abbott explained: "It is often about fine margins in this game and we had two or three chances in the first half which we did not take.
The Cumbrians should have added a third, but Marc Bridge-Wilkinson fired his spot-kick against the bar.
10 FOUR penalties from Kendal full-back Gian Broadley steered the Cumbrians to a narrow win over the Nuns.
However, late goals flattered the Cumbrians who went on to win 4-2.