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county (1991 pop. 486,900), 2,635 sq mi (6,826 sq km), extreme NW England. The county stretches from the Morecambe Bay to Soloway Firth along the Irish Sea coast. It includes the Lake DistrictLake District,
region of mountains and lakes, c.30 mi (50 km) in diameter, Cumbria, NW England. It includes the Cumbrian Mts. and part of the Furness peninsula. The district comprises 15 lakes, among them Ullswater, Windermere, Derwentwater, and Bassenthwaite; several beautiful
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, comprised of a series of volcanic rock and slate mountain peaks and lake-filled valleys. It also includes the Carlisle plain and the Eden and Kent river valleys. The county is divided into six administrative districts: Allerdale, Barrow-in-Furness, Carlisle, Copeland, Eden, and South Lakeland. Tourism, sheep farming, salmon fishing, and mineral extraction are the primary industries. The area has been occupied by humans since the Neolithic Period. Northern Cumbria vacillated between Scottish and English rule until the mid-10th cent., when it was wrested from the Scots in 1157. The Lake District was home to poets such as William WordsworthWordsworth, William,
1770–1850, English poet, b. Cockermouth, Cumberland. One of the great English poets, he was a leader of the romantic movement in England. Life and Works

In 1791 he graduated from Cambridge and traveled abroad.
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, Samuel Taylor ColeridgeColeridge, Samuel Taylor,
1772–1834, English poet and man of letters, b. Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire; one of the most brilliant, versatile, and influential figures in the English romantic movement.
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, and Robert SoutheySouthey, Robert
, 1774–1843, English author. Primarily a poet, he was numbered among the so-called Lake poets. While at Oxford he formed (1794) a friendship with Coleridge and joined with him in a plan for an American utopia along the Susquehanna River that was never
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. The Lake District National Park is located in Cumbria.


(since 1974) a county of NW England comprising the former counties of Westmorland and Cumberland together with N Lancashire: includes the Lake District mountain area and surrounding coastal lowlands with the Pennine uplands in the extreme east. Administrative centre: Carlisle. Pop.: 489 800 (2003 est.). Area: 6810 sq. km (2629 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Cumbrians eventually found some possession and Liam Noble curled a teaser wide after good work from Lee Miller.
It was a tumultuous 12 months, which saw the Cumbrians avoid the drop on the last day and suffer an early season slump before Abbott turned things around.
Cumbrians manager Greg Abbott explained: "It is often about fine margins in this game and we had two or three chances in the first half which we did not take.
The Cumbrians should have added a third, but Marc Bridge-Wilkinson fired his spot-kick against the bar.
But then the Cumbrians began a determined fight back before Rankine,barely on the field 30 seconds, fired a Barrow equaliser in the83rd minute.
14m fee represents a pounds 1m increase on the club record fee the Cumbrians paid for Garner in August 2007 but, according to Carlisle, they would receive a little over half of that.
Adam Murray put the Cumbrians ahead after good work by Bridges, who then turned poacher a minute before the break.
CHESHIRE conceded an early try to the Cumbrians but precious little else in a wonderful away victory.
This suggests that Cumbrians have a stronger Celtic influence than other parts of the country, but also have Norse Viking influence.
KARL HAWLEY was Carlisle's hero, scoring twice as the high-flying Cumbrians sealed a thrilling win at Whaddon Road.
They started three points in front of the Cumbrians and with a better goal difference of one.
The Cumbrians had been in a slump since winning at Kidderminster in the league in September but their FA Cup return again brought the best out of them.