curassow

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curassow

(kyûr`əsō'), common name for the largest members of an order of game birds called pigeon-toed fowls, which includes the white-crested guan and the rufous-bellied chachalaca, Ortalis wagleri. These gregarious roosting birds, found from Texas to Argentina, vary from 20 to 40 in. (50–100 cm) in length and are brownish to olive-green in color. They feed on fruit, vegetation, and insects. Curassows are larger than other members of the family and have an erect crest and bright orange or yellow bills. The great curassow, Crax rubra, is found from Mexico to Ecuador. The meat of these birds is a delicacy. Although none are found in the Dutch West Indies, their name is taken from the island of Curaçao. They are easily tamed. Curassows are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Galliformes, family Cracidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
The sub-Andean topography varies and is challenging to traverse; it can be difficult to encounter curassows along established transects.
Our study suggests there may be an important population of Helmeted Curassows in TNP, but activities such as egg extraction and poaching may be affecting the reproductive rate and consequent population stability of the species.
Human impact on populations of chachalacas, guans and curassows (Galliformes: Cracidae) in Venezuela.
The cameras were useful to gather information on aspects of the natural history of Red-billed Curassows.
The reproductive period of Red-billed Curassows is poorly known and the first nest was not discovered until 1979 near Vale Natural Reserve (Teixeira and Snow 1982).
Red Curassows were most active in the early morning and less so during mid day.
A new specimen of Southern Horned Curassow Pauxi unicornis from Peru.
A new subspecies of curassow of the genus Pauxi from Peru.
Feces were collected by searching the area around water sources used by curassows, and at feeding and resting sites.
The diet of Yellow-knobbed Curassows was mostly fruits (41% dry weight), leaves (39%), seeds (15%), minerals (4%), and small proportions of flowers, roots, fungus, seedlings, and invertebrates (insects, Order Coleoptera), each <1% of total dry weight (Table 1).
One hundred and ninety-two observations of foraging curassows were made from November 2001 to July 2002.
Human impact on population of chachalacas and curassows (Galliformes: Cracidae) in Venezuela.